Seeds of South Australia
Lagenophora gracilis (Compositae)
Slender Bottle-daisy
List of species for Lagenophora
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Seed collecting:
October to January
Herbarium regions:
Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Kangaroo Island, South East
IBRA regions
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Regionally Extinct   [possibly extinct]
Glenelg Plain (NCP02)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN D)   (Probable Decline)
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [outlier, 1 pop]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [rarely seen; weeds (esp blackberry) are a threat]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [rarely seen; weeds (esp blackberry) are a threat]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Lagenophora]
Name derivation:
Lagenophora from the Greek 'lagenos' meaning flask and 'phorus' suffix meaning carries; possibly referring to the urn-shaped cypsela. Gracilis from the Latin 'gracilis' meaning slender or graceful; referring to the slender flower stalk.
Found on Kangaroo island, southern Mount Lofty Ranges and lower South-east in South Australia, growing in moist gullies and near water. Also found in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Native. Rare in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Herb with short rhizome, roots fleshy. Leaves obovate to spathulate, to 80 mm long and 20 mm wide, sinuate to toothed with acute or obtuse teeth, sparsely to quite densely hairy. Flower-heads solitary on long slender stalk to 20 cm long, often darkly pigmented, with white to purple daisy flower. Flowering in Spring and summer.
Fruit type:
Brown head with exposed seeds.
Seed type:
Semi-flat brown, ovoid seed to 4 mm long and 1 mm wide.
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Pick heads that are maturing, drying off, with exposed brown seeds. Mature seeds should come-off easily.
Seed cleaning:
Place the heads in a tray and leave to dry for a week. Then gently rub the heads by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From two collections, the seed viability were high, ranging from 90% to 95%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
3000 (0.92 g)
3000 (0.91 g)
Southern Lofty
14-Sep-200695%+5°C, -18°C
BGA350 (0.5122 g)5031-Oct-2007RJB75509
South Eastern
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.