Seeds of South Australia
Lepidium fasciculatum (Cruciferae)
Fascicled Peppercress
List of species for Lepidium
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Seed collecting:
August to February
Herbarium regions:
Lake Eyre, Nullarbor, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula
NRM regions:
Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Broughton (FLB02)Flinders Lofty Block
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Definite Decline)
Olary Spur (FLB03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i))
Northern Flinders (FLB05) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii); D2)   (Probable Decline)   [no recent records]
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii); D2)   (Probable Decline)   [no recent records]
South Olary Plain (MDD01)Murray Darling Depression
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [grazed]
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Data Deficient   [checked by H Vonow]
Braemer (MDD07) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i))
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)Riverina
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [grazed]
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   (Probable Decline)
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [nthn record wrongly mapped]
Gawler Lakes (GAW03) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [no records]
Arcoona Plateau (GAW04) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)
Kingoonya (GAW05) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)
Torrens (GAW06) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii); D2)   (Probable Decline)
Nullarbor Plain (NUL02)Nullarbor
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)
Barrier Range (BHC01)Broken Hill Complex
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i))
Barrier Range Outwash (BHC04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i))
Bimbowrie (BHC05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i))
Curnamona (BHC06) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i))
Strzelecki Desert (SSD05)Simpson Strzelecki Dunefields
 Data Deficient   [query ID]
Murnpeowie (STP03)Stony Plains
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii); D2)   (Probable Decline)
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
4 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockRare
, Vulnerable
, Endangered
3 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionRare
, Vulnerable
, Data Deficient
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)RiverinaVulnerable
  (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [grazed]
6 of 8 subregionsGawlerVulnerable
Nullarbor Plain (NUL02)NullarborVulnerable
  (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)
4 of 4 subregionsBroken Hill ComplexRare
Strzelecki Desert (SSD05)Simpson Strzelecki DunefieldsData Deficient
  [query ID]
Murnpeowie (STP03)Stony PlainsVulnerable
  (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii); D2)   (Probable Decline)
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Lepidium]
Name derivation:
Lepidium from the Greek 'lepis' meaning a scale; referring to the appearance of the fruits. Fasciculatum from the Latin 'fasciculus' meaning fascicle; referring to the clustered inflorescence.
Distribution:
Found scattered across the central part of South Australia, growing in heavy clay depressions. Also found in Western Australia, Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Rare in Western Australia. Uncommon in Victoria. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Erect annual herb to 60cm tall, glabrous, sometimes pubescent when young. Leaves basal and alternating up the stems.  Basal leaves to 8 cm long, hairy, divided, the segments linear and shaped like teeth, rarely persisting.  Stem leaves to 6 cm long, with basal lobes, reducing to linear, hairless, with warty edges.  Flowers small, green in dense clusters at the tops of the stems. Flowering between May and December.
Fruit type:
Orange-brown ovoid capsule to 4 mm long and 2 mm wide, glabrous, wing slight in the upper half, with a shallow notch.
Embryo type:
Bent.
Seed collecting:
Collect maturing pods those turning orange with hard seeds inside. Be gentle with the pods as they split open easily.
Seed cleaning:
Place the pods in a tray and cover with paper to prevent seeds from popping out and leave to dry for a week. Then rub the dried pods gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA 
MSB
10500 (2.89 g)
10500 (2.89 g)
200+22-Oct-2008MJT157
Eastern
20-Jul-2009100%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.