Seeds of South Australia
Leptorhynchos tenuifolius (Compositae)
Wiry Buttons
List of species for Leptorhynchos
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Seed collecting:
December to April
Herbarium region:
South Eastern
NRM region:
South East
IBRA regions
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN D)   [Picanninnie Ponds]
Glenelg Plain (NCP02) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   (Probable Decline)
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(ii,iv))   (Probable Decline)
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Leptorhynchos]
Name derivation:
Leptorhynchos from the Greek 'leptos' meaning slender and 'rhynchos' meaning a snout; alluding to the beaked achenes of some species. Tenuifolius from the Latin 'tenuis' meaning thin, slender and 'folium' meaning a leaf.
Found in the lower South-east in South Australia, growing in open swampy areas in sandy soils. Also found in Victoria.
Native. Rare in South Australia. Common in Victoria.
Plant description:
Perennial herb to 40 cm high with wiry, much-branched stems, erect to ascending covered in hairs. Leaves linear, to 4 cm long (basal leaves to 15 cm) and 1 mm wide (basal leaves to 3 mm wide), acute, upper surface glabrous, lower surface densely cottony, margins recurved. Flower-heads obconical, to 5 mm diameter; outer involucral bracts linear, transparent with brown tip, margins with dense, spreading cottony cilia; inner bracts like outer ones but with long, herbaceous glandular claws; florets bright yellow. Flowering between November and March.
Fruit type:
White fluffy daisy-head.
Seed type:
Black oblong-elipical seed to 2 mm long and 0.5 mm wide, smooth surface with few long feathered-like papus at one end.
Embryo type:
Spatulate fully developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect heads that are fluffy. Either pick off the whole heads or use your finger and pull off the seeds from the head. Mature seeds will come off easily.
Seed cleaning:
Place the heads in a tray for a week to dry. No cleaning is required if only pure seeds are collected. If heads are collected, then rub the heads gently with your hands to dislodge the seeds. Viable seeds will be fat and hard. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From two collections, the seed viability was average to high, ranging between 75% to 90%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
BGA11000 (1.1 g)5023-Feb-2008RJB77418
South Eastern
19-Sep-200890%+5°C, -18°C
7000 (0.76 g)
7000 (0.76 g)
South Eastern
19-Sep-200875%+5°C, -18°C
BGA3900 (0.27 g)10-Dec-2009DJD1774
South Eastern
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.