Seeds of South Australia
Leucopogon hirsutus (Epacridaceae)
Hairy Beard-heath
List of species for Leucopogon
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Seed collecting:
November to December
Herbarium regions:
Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Kangaroo Island
IBRA regions
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [needs fresh water/wet habitat]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)   [found in most swamps; loss of habitat]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN D)   [edge of range; only known from a few locations; threatend by weeds & stock]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Leucopogon]
Name derivation:
Leucopogon from the Greek 'leukoni' meaning white and 'pogon' meaning beard; alluding to the white-bearded corolla lobes. Hirsutus from Latin meaning hairy; referring to the species being covered in rough, short stiff hairs.
Found on Kangaroo Island ad the southern Mount Lofty Ranges in South Australia, growing on margins of edge of creeks and swampy areas. Also found in Western Australia.
Native. Rare in South Australia. Uncommon in Western Australia.
Plant description:
Diffuse shrub with intertwining branches to 100 cm long, with hairy branches. Leaves spreading to reflexed, elliptic to oblong, to 9.5 mm long and 3.9 mm wide, apex obtuse with a stiff tip, often recurved, margin sometimes recurved, hispid, lamina thin, flat to convex with hairy surfaces. Inflorescence in drooping terminal and upper axillary solitary spikes to 7 mm long with 2-6 white (pink in bud) flowers. Flowering between August and October. 
Fruit type:
Slightly flattened globular fruit to 2.5 mm long and 5 mm wide, smooth with soft woody endocarp containing 4 to 5 locules that may be filled with seed.
Seed type:
Soft, white longitudinal seed within a woody endocarp to 2 mm long and 3 mm wide.
Embryo type:
Linear under-developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect fruits by hand when ripe, soft and turning yellow. Check to see if locules are filled with seed.
Seed cleaning:
Place the berries in a bucket of water and leave to soak over night. Rub the flesh off by hand. Drain and wash again if required to remove all the fleshy parts. Then spread the wet seeds onto paper towels and leave to dry. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:
Seeds have morphophysiological dormancy and will not germinate readily without treatment. Germination is enhanced by treating with fire cues, heat and smoke water, and gibberellic acid.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
1000 (2.12 g)
1000 (2.12 g)
Kangaroo Island
1-Aug-200745%+5°C, -18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.