Seeds of South Australia
Leucopogon rufus (Epacridaceae)
Ruddy Beard-heath
List of species for Leucopogon
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Seed collecting:
March to June
Herbarium regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Murray, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [localised]
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [edge of range]
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Least Concern
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Least Concern
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Near Threatened   (Probable Decline)   [roadside decline]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Near Threatened   (Probable Decline)   [lack of regeneration]
Eyre Hills (EYB03)Eyre Yorke Block
 Near Threatened
Talia (EYB04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Least Concern   [likes dry sandy country]
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [Narung Pen.]
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Least Concern   [likes dry sandy country]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Leucopogon]
Name derivation:
Leucopogon from the Greek 'leukoni' meaning white and 'pogon' meaning beard; alluding to the white-bearded corolla lobes. Rufus from Latin meaning red, tawny; possible referring to the reddish fruit.
Found on the Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, southern Mount Lofty Ranges and the upper South-east in South Australia, growing in open forest, mallee scrub and heathlands on sand over granite and limestone. Also found in New South Wales and Victoria.
Native. Common in South Australia. Uncommon in New South Wales. Common in Victoria.
Plant description:
Erect shrub 60 cm high with glabrous to finely hairy stems. Leaves erect to spreading, ovate, to 12 mm long and 5 mm wide, concave to rarely flat, paler below, glabrous to pubescent, margins entire to minutely toothed, apex with a stiff bristle. Inflorescence in axillary spike to 6-9 mm long with 2-5 white tubular, densely bearded flowers, soon reddening on drying. Flowering between November and March.
Fruit type:
Reddish-green ovoid fruit to 6 mm long with paler ring-like rim at apex.
Seed type:
Soft, white longitudinal seed, within the woody endocarp.
Embryo type:
Linear underdeveloped.
Seed collecting:
Collect fruits by hand when ripe, check to see if locules are filled with seed.
Seed cleaning:
Place the berries in a bucket of water and leave to soak over night. Rub the flesh off by hand. Drain and wash again if required to remove all the fleshy parts. Then spread the wet seeds onto paper towels and leave to dry. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:
Seeds have morphophysiological dormancy and will not germinate readily without treatment. Germination is enhanced by treating with fire cues, heat and smoke water, and gibberellic acid.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
1000 (54.1 g)
1000 (54.1 g)
Southern Lofty
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.