Seeds of South Australia
Leucopogon virgatus var. virgatus (Epacridaceae)
Common Beard-heath
List of species for Leucopogon
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Seed collecting:
October to January
Herbarium regions:
Flinders Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Least Concern
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Least Concern   [edge of range]
Glenelg Plain (NCP02) 
 Least Concern
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Least Concern
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [edge of range]
Fleurieu (KAN02)Kanmantoo
 Least Concern
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Critically Endangered   (IUCN: CR D)   (Definite Decline)
Lowan Mallee (MDD04)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [edge of range]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Leucopogon]
Name derivation:
Leucopogon from the Greek 'leukoni' meaning white and 'pogon' meaning beard; alluding to the white-bearded corolla lobes. from the Latin 'virga' meaning rod, twiggy; possibly referring to its twiggy habit. 
Found in the southern part of South Australia, growing in heathlands and woodlands on sandy soils. Also found in New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Slender shrub to 50 cm high with glabrous rarely hairy branchlets and leaves. Leaves erect, lanceolate to narrowly lanceolate 25 mm long and 5 mm wide, concave, tapering gradually into a point with a pungent apex. Inflorescence in terminal or upper axillary spikes to 10 mm long with 3-4 white (pink in bud) tubular, densely bearded flowers. This variety differ from the other variety found in South Australia, Leucopogon virgatus var. brevifolius which has branches and leaves commonly appearing greyish from a short, dense, even layer of erect hairs, leaves ovate, sometimes slightly cordate at base, 2–7 mm long, acute but not pungent at apex. Flowering between June and October.
Fruit type:
Fleshy oblong fruit to 2.3 mm long and 1.6 mm wide, smooth.
Seed type:
Soft, white longitudinal seed, within the woody endocarp.
Embryo type:
Linear underdeveloped.
Seed collecting:
Collect fruits by hand when ripe, check to see if locules are filled with seed.
Seed cleaning:
Place the berries in a bucket of water and leave to soak over night. Rub the flesh off by hand. Drain and wash again if required to remove all the fleshy parts. Then spread the wet seeds onto paper towels and leave to dry. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:
Seeds have morphophysiological dormancy and will not germinate readily without treatment. Germination is enhanced by treating with fire cues, heat and smoke water, and gibberellic acid.