Seeds of South Australia
Lissanthe strigosa ssp. subulata (Epacridaceae)
Peach Heath
List of species for Lissanthe
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Seed collecting:
November to January
Herbarium regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
Lucindale (NCP03)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [likes pink gum, localised]
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Least Concern   [on rocky slopes]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Olary Spur (FLB03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Eyre Hills (EYB03)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern
Talia (EYB04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Lissanthe]
Name derivation:
Lissanthe from the Greek 'lissos' meaning smooth and 'anthos' meaning flower; referring to the corolla lobes which are not bearded as they are in the related genus Leucopogon. Strigosa from Latin meaning closely covered with pointed bristles. Subulata from the Latin 'subulata' meaning depressed; referring to the depressed-globose fruit.
Distribution:
Found in the southern Flinders Ranges, southern Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Mount Lofty Ranges and the South-east in South Australia, growing in open forest, dry scrub and heathlands on sandy soils over basalt, sandstone and limestone. Also found in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Status:
Native. Uncommon in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Much-branched prickly and suckering shrub 100 cm high with hairy stems. Leaves ascending or spreading, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, to 17 mm long and 2.0 mm wide, upper surface glabrous to hairy, lower surface whitish between the raised veins, margins smooth, slightly recurved. Inflorescence in short spikes of 3-4 white or pinkish, strongly scented flowers. Flowering between August and November. 
Fruit type:
Hairy, white depressed-globular fruit to 3.5 mm long and 4 mm wide, with a fleshy layer and woody endocarp with a number of sections, each with one seed.
Seed type:
Soft, white longitudinal seed, within the woody endocarp.
Embryo type:
Linear underdeveloped.
Seed collecting:
Collect individual fruit by hand when ripe, fleshy layer soft and a paler colour or shake the bush to dislodge the ripe fruit, then collect them from the ground. Check to see if locules are filled with seed by cutting the woody endocarp in half.
Seed cleaning:
The thin fleshy layer does not need to be cleaned off for storage, just leave it to dry for one to two weeks before storing with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. If you do want to clean the flesh off, then place the berries in a bucket of water and leave to soak over night. Rub the flesh off by hand. Drain and wash again if required to remove all the fleshy parts. Then spread the wet seeds onto paper towels and leave to dry. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 90%.
Seed germination:
Seeds have morphophysiological dormancy and will not germinate readily without treatment. Germination is enhanced by treating with fire cues, heat and smoke water, and gibberellic acid.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA 
MSB
5826 (126.43 g)
6700 (146 g)
>10011-Jan-2005DJD 77
Eyre Peninsula
28-Mar-200690%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.