Seeds of South Australia
Logania ovata (Loganiaceae)
Oval-leaf Logania
List of species for Logania
Display more images
Click on an image to enlarge it
Seed collecting:
October to January
Herbarium regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Yorke Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South East
IBRA regions
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Glenelg Plain (NCP02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range; in Dry Ck, Caroline Forest]
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Data Deficient
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Least Concern
Southern Flinders (FLB04)Flinders Lofty Block
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN D)
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern
St Vincent (EYB02) 
 Critically Endangered   (IUCN: CR D)   (Definite Decline)
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Least Concern
Talia (EYB04) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Least Concern
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [not much known in this region]
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range]
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Data Deficient
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02)Gawler
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Maralinga (GVD03)Great Victoria Desert
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
IBRA regions
4 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainRare
, Data Deficient
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)KanmantooLeast Concern
Southern Flinders (FLB04)Flinders Lofty BlockEndangered
  (IUCN: EN D)
5 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
, Critically Endangered
3 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionRare
, Data Deficient
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02)GawlerRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Maralinga (GVD03)Great Victoria DesertRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Logania]
Name derivation:
Logania named after James Logan (1674-1751), an Irish born botanist who emigrated to North America, became Governor of Pennsylvania and wrote a book on the sexuality of plants. Ovata from the Latin 'ovatus' meaning ovate; referring to the shape of the leaves.
Found on the Eyre and Yorke Peninsulas, Kangaroo Island and the South-east in South Australia, growing in near-coastal habitat in shrubland or open Mallee on sandy loams to heavier clay-rich soils. Also found in Victoria.
Native. Common in South Australia. Rare in Victoria.
Plant description:
Erect shrub to 2 m high, dioecious, stems glabrous to minutely hairy. Leaves ovate to broadly ovate, to 25 mm long and 18 mm wide, glabrous to minutely hairy, flat, sessile or with very short stalk. Inflorescence a compact clusters of white unisexual flowers on long peduncles. Flowering between August and November.
Fruit type:
Orange-brown capsule to 6 mm long and 3 mm wide.
Seed type:
Black convex seed to 1.6 mm long and 0.8 mm wide, with a reticulated surface.
Embryo type:

Linear fully developed.

Seed collecting:
Collect maturing capsules, those that are fat, turning orange-brown in colour, have not open and contain hard black seeds.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks for it to split. Then rub the capsules gently with a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From two collections, the seed viability was average to high, ranging from 65% to 100%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
7000 (1.9 g)
7000 (1.9 g)
Yorke Peninsula
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.