Seeds of South Australia
Adenanthos terminalis (Proteaceae)
Yellow Gland-flower
List of species for Adenanthos
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Seed collecting:
January to December
Herbarium regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Murray, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [edge of range]
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Least Concern
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Least Concern
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Least Concern
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Near Threatened   [likes deep sand]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [likes deep sand; few habitats remaining; habitat quality declining; in Hardings Reserve, could be declining]
Eyre Hills (EYB03)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern   [deep white sand]
Talia (EYB04) 
 Least Concern   [deep white sand]
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Near Threatened   [localised]
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Decline)   [edge of range]
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Least Concern
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Least Concern
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Least Concern
IBRA regions
3 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainLeast Concern
, Rare
2 of 2 subregionsKanmantooLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty BlockVulnerable
  (IUCN: VU D2)   [likes deep sand; few habitats remaining; habitat quality declining; in Hardings Reserve, could be declining]
3 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
4 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
, Rare
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Adenanthos]
Name derivation:
Adenanthos from the Greek 'aden' meaning a gland and 'anthos' meaning a flower; referring to the prominent nectaries at the base of the ovary. Terminalis from the Latin 'terminus' meaning end, referring to the occurrence of the flowers at the ends of branches.
Found on the Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo island, southern Mount Lofty ranges and the upper South-east in south Australia, growing on sandy sometimes lateritic soils in sclerophyllous shrubland, woodland and forest. Also found in Victoria.
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in Victoria.
Plant description:
Erect or spreading shrub to 1.5 m high with branches covered in hairs that lie close along the stem. Leaves compound with 3-7 terete segments, to 20 mm long, densely clustered at ends of branchlets, bright green, glabrous or glabrescent with a few hairs at base. Inflorescences with solitary or up to 3 pale yellow to almost white flowers in clusters at branch-tips, closely surrounded by and partly hidden by leaves. Flowers throughout the year.
Fruit type:
Green cylindrical capsule surrounded by leaves.
Seed type:
Greenish brown ovoid seed to 6.5 mm long and 3 mm wide covered in scattered hairs.
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Collect capsules that are large and fat. Capsules are difficult to find as it is hidden among the leaves.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for 1 to 2 weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.