Seeds of South Australia
Lomandra collina (Liliaceae)
Sharp-leaf Mat-rush
List of species for Lomandra
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Seed collecting:
November to January
Herbarium regions:
Nullarbor, Flinders Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [outlier records; some could be L nana]
Glenelg Plain (NCP02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [could be L nana]
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Near Threatened
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Least Concern
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D1+2)   [only around Stokes Bay, cliff tops; edge of range; mallee sp]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Near Threatened   [mostly in reserves]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Least Concern   (Probable Decline)
Olary Spur (FLB03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i))   (Probable Decline)
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Least Concern   (Probable Decline)
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern   (Probable Decline)
St Vincent (EYB02) 
 Least Concern   (Probable Decline)
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Least Concern
Talia (EYB04) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Least Concern
South Olary Plain (MDD01)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA b)   (Probable Decline)   [likes sand & mallee]
Murray Mallee (MDD02) 
 Least Concern
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)   [loss of habitat & degradation - threats]
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Least Concern
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range]
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)Riverina
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)   [mostly unsuitable habitat]
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Near Threatened
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02) 
 Least Concern
Yellabinna (GVD06)Great Victoria Desert
 Least Concern
Yalata (NUL03)Nullarbor
 Least Concern
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
4 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
2 of 2 subregionsKanmantooNear Threatened
, Vulnerable
4 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
5 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
5 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
, Rare
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)RiverinaRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)   [mostly unsuitable habitat]
2 of 8 subregionsGawlerLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
Yellabinna (GVD06)Great Victoria DesertLeast Concern
Yalata (NUL03)NullarborLeast Concern
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Lomandra]
Name derivation:
Lomandra from the Greek 'loma' meaning edge, border or fringe and 'andros' meaning a male; alluding to the circular margin of the anthers in some species. Collina from the Latin 'collinus' meaning dwelling on hills; alluding to the species habitat.
Distribution:
Found in the southern part of South Australia, from the Nullarbor to the lower South-east, growing in mallee communities on red sandy soils. Also found in Western Australia, New South Wales and Victoria.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Perennial herb with short stems forming dense tussocks or mats. Basal sheaths becoming fibrous. Leaves to 50 cm long and 2 mm wide, filiform, scabrous. Male inflorescence much shorter than leaves, scape exposed for up to 5 cm, rachis usually well branched, to 10 cm long. Female inflorescence to 10 mm diameter, scape usually exposed for up to 3 cm. Flowers yellow. Flowers between August and November.
Fruit type:
Pyramid-shaped capsule.
Embryo type:
Linear underdeveloped.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature fruits, turning brown with a hard seed inside or when they are starting to split.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:
This species has morphophysiological dormancy and can take several weeks to germinate.