Seeds of South Australia
Lomandra micrantha ssp. micrantha (Liliaceae)
Small-flower Mat-rush
List of species for Lomandra
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Seed collecting:
December to January
Herbarium regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Near Threatened
Glenelg Plain (NCP02) 
 Near Threatened
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Least Concern
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Least Concern
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Near Threatened   [not easy to ID]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Least Concern
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Least Concern   (Probable Decline)
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern   (Probable Decline)
St Vincent (EYB02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA ab)   (Definite Decline)
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Near Threatened
Talia (EYB04) 
 Near Threatened
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Near Threatened
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Near Threatened
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Near Threatened
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Least Concern
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Near Threatened
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
4 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
2 of 2 subregionsKanmantooLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
2 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
5 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
4 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Lomandra]
Name derivation:
Lomandra from the Greek 'loma' meaning edge, border or fringe and 'andros' meaning a male; alluding to the circular margin of the anthers in some species. Micrantha from the Greek 'micros' meaning small and 'anthos' meaning a flower.
Distribution:
Found in the southern part of South Australia, from Eyre Peninsula to the lower South-east, growing on sand and sandy clay. Also found in Western Australia and Victoria.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Dioecious rhizomatous, perennial herb to 0.7 m high, clumps to 0.2 m wide. Leaves to 80 cm long and 2.5 mm wide, filiform or terete, hard and stiff, smooth, plano-convex or slightly channelled, with brown or black basal sheaths. Male flowers spreading or drooping. Female flowers similar, but the panicle usually narrower and shorter. Flowers green-purple-brown. Flowering between May and December.
Fruit type:
Ovoid to globular capsule to 5 mm long, smooth.
Seed type:
Yellow to brown, rounded wedge shaped seed to 5 mm long and 3 mm wide.
Embryo type:
Linear underdeveloped.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature fruits, turning brown with a hard seed inside or when they are starting to split.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From three collections, the seed viability were high, at 100%.
Seed germination:
This species has morphophysiological dormancy and can take several weeks to germinate.