Seeds of South Australia
Lomandra multiflora ssp. multiflora (Liliaceae)
Many-flower Mat-rush
List of species for Lomandra
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Seed collecting:
December to February
Herbarium region:
South Eastern
NRM region:
South East
IBRA regions
Lucindale (NCP03)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii); D)   (Probable Decline)   [could be gone]
Wimmera (MDD05)Murray Darling Depression
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii); D)   (Probable Decline)   [could be gone]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Lomandra]
Name derivation:
Lomandra from the Greek 'loma' meaning edge, border or fringe and 'andros' meaning a male; alluding to the circular margin of the anthers in some species. Multiflora from the Latin 'multus' meaning many and 'floris' meaning flower.
Found only in the lower south-east in South Australia, growing in woodland and forest. Also found in Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria.
Native. Very rare in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Tufted perennial herb, slender to robust. Leaves to 90 cm long and 3 mm wide, flat or slightly concavo-convex, occasionally plano-convex, rarely terete, smooth or lower surface scabrid, green, greyish green or rarely glaucous, apex entire. Male inflorescence 1- or 2-branched or rarely unbranched, flower clusters whorled. Female inflorescence similar, unbranched. Male flowers on pedicels usually to 8 mm long, always distinctly exceeding bracts at anthesis. Female flowers larger, sessile. Flowering between June and January.
Fruit type:
Ovoid to globular capsule.
Seed type:
Yellow to brown, rounded wedge shaped seed to 5 mm long and 3 mm wide.
Embryo type:
Linear underdeveloped.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature fruits with a hard seed inside or when they are starting to split.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 90%.
Seed germination:
This species has morphophysiological dormancy and can take several weeks to germinate.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
BGA1380 (11.49 g)20+23-Dec-2010DJD1922
South Eastern
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.