Seeds of South Australia
Lomandra multiflora ssp. multiflora (Liliaceae)
Many-flower Mat-rush
List of species for Lomandra
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Seed collecting:
December to February
Herbarium region:
South Eastern
NRM region:
South East
IBRA regions
Lucindale (NCP03)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii); D)   (Probable Decline)   [could be gone]
Wimmera (MDD05)Murray Darling Depression
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii); D)   (Probable Decline)   [could be gone]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Lomandra]
Name derivation:
Lomandra from the Greek 'loma' meaning edge, border or fringe and 'andros' meaning a male; alluding to the circular margin of the anthers in some species. Multiflora from the Latin 'multus' meaning many and 'floris' meaning flower.
Distribution:
Found only in the lower south-east in South Australia, growing in woodland and forest. Also found in Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria.
Status:
Native. Very rare in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Tufted perennial herb, slender to robust. Leaves to 90 cm long and 3 mm wide, flat or slightly concavo-convex, occasionally plano-convex, rarely terete, smooth or lower surface scabrid, green, greyish green or rarely glaucous, apex entire. Male inflorescence 1- or 2-branched or rarely unbranched, flower clusters whorled. Female inflorescence similar, unbranched. Male flowers on pedicels usually to 8 mm long, always distinctly exceeding bracts at anthesis. Female flowers larger, sessile. Flowering between June and January.
Fruit type:
Ovoid to globular capsule.
Seed type:
Yellow to brown, rounded wedge shaped seed to 5 mm long and 3 mm wide.
Embryo type:
Linear underdeveloped.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature fruits with a hard seed inside or when they are starting to split.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 90%.
Seed germination:
This species has morphophysiological dormancy and can take several weeks to germinate.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA1380 (11.49 g)20+23-Dec-2010DJD1922
South Eastern
1-Jan-201290%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.