Seeds of South Australia
Luzula meridionalis (Juncaceae)
Common Wood-rush
List of species for Luzula
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Seed collecting:
October to January
Herbarium regions:
Flinders Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Least Concern   [forest spp]
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)   [forest spp]
Glenelg Plain (NCP02) 
 Least Concern   [forest spp]
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Least Concern   [forest spp]
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [forest spp]
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [undercollected; widespread; likes sandy-loam over clay]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Least Concern
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern   [common]
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Least Concern   (Probable Decline)
Olary Spur (FLB03) 
 Least Concern   (Probable Decline)
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Least Concern   (Probable Decline)
Eyre Hills (EYB03)Eyre Yorke Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Talia (EYB04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [forest spp; atypical]
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic PlainLeast Concern
  [forest spp]
4 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainLeast Concern
, Rare
2 of 2 subregionsKanmantooLeast Concern
, Rare
4 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
2 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockRare
2 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionRare
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Luzula]
Name derivation:
Luzula possibly from the Italian 'luzziola' meaning sparkle or a fire-fly or from the Latin 'luxulae 'meaning light; probably alluding to the sparkling and quivering character of the heads when wet with dew.
Distribution:
Found on the southern Eyre Peninsula, southern Flinders Ranges, Kangaroo Island, Mount Lofty Ranges and the South-east in South Australia, growing in dry open areas in open woodland or grassland. Also found in Western Australia, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Loosely tufted perennial sedge with flowering stems 40 cm high, with a bulbous base. Leaves flat, to 5 mm wide, soft with densely hairy margins and a narrowing but obtuse tips. Inflorescence 1-6 clusters with many mid-brown to dark reddish brown flowers at the end of a long stalk. Flowering between August and November.
Fruit type:
Dense clusters of pale to dark reddish-brown capsules.
Seed type:
Reddish-brown ellipsoid seed to 1.2 mm long and 0.9 mm wide, with a large yellowish fleshy appendage at one end.
Embryo type:
Broad.
Seed collecting:
Collect fruits either by picking off the mature heads, those turning reddish-brown and come-off easily or break-off the whole spikes.
Seed cleaning:
Place the heads in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. Then rub the heads with a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate any unwanted material. Be careful, as the seeds are very small. Seeds are brown and hard. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 100%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA 
MSB
8450 (4.9 g)
8450 (4.9 g)
100+2-Nov-2006TST87
Flinders Ranges
1-Aug-2007100%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.