Seeds of South Australia
Lycopodiella lateralis (Lycopodiaceae)
Slender Club-moss
List of species for Lycopodiella
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Herbarium regions:
Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Kangaroo Island
IBRA regions
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [conserved in Flinders Chase; needs good water quality; some pops could have gone]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [small pops in Nangkita in 2008; 1 plant in Stipiturus; habitat has deteriorated]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Critically Endangered   (IUCN: CR B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [small pops in Cleland; habitat has deteriorated]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Lycopodiella]
Name derivation:
Lycopodiella a diminutive of Lycopodium (little wolf's-foot), which is from the Greek 'lycos' meaning wolf and 'podion' meaning foot; referring to the leaves which resemble a wolf's claws, or to  the rhizome that is shaped like a small furry animal paw or a small Lycopodium. Lateralis from the Latin 'latus' meaning side; referring to the strobili (a cone-like structure consisting of sporophylls) which are borne laterally and acutely angled to stem.
Found on Kangaroo Island and the southern Mount Lofty Ranges, growing in wet boggy areas. Also found in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania (and New Zealand, New Caledonia).
Native. Very rare in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Rhizome subterranean, creeping, much-branched. Aerial stems erect or straggling, undivided or branched several times near base, to 45 cm long. Leaves spirally arranged, close-set and overlapping, ascending or spreading, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, usually hair-like, but can be flattened, to 7 mm long and 1 mm wide, light green to olive-green. Strobili small, few, lateral and acutely angled to stem, almost sessile, to 10 mm long. 
Fruit type:
Pale brown closely overlapping sporophylls, broad-ovate, abruptly pointed, with jagged margins, spreading when ripe.
Seed type:
Fine spores.
Seed collecting:
Collect strobili that are turning brown, these will contain mature sporohylls with spores. Place them in a seal paper bag to prevent spores from fulling out.
Seed cleaning:
Leave fronds in the paper bag to dry. The spores will fall off naturally or give the fronds a gentle shake. Use a very fine sieve to separate any unwanted material. Be careful as the spores are very fine. Store spores in an air tight container in a cool and dry place or in a -20oC freezer.
Seed germination:
Spores germinate rapidly without any treatment but can be difficult to maintain for any length of time in cultivation as it grows with a mycorrhizal association, and generally resent disturbance and once established should not be disturbed.