Seeds of South Australia
Maireana aphylla (Chenopodiaceae)
Leafless Bluebush
List of species for Maireana
Click on an image to enlarge it
Seed collecting:
January to September
Herbarium regions:
North Western, Lake Eyre, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Alinytjara Wilurara, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Fleurieu (KAN02)Kanmantoo
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   (Probable Decline)   [edge of range; small pop at Cape Jervis]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii); D2)   (Probable Decline)   [edge of range; in flood-out areas, clay pans]
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Least Concern   (Probable Decline)
Olary Spur (FLB03) 
 Least Concern
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Least Concern
Northern Flinders (FLB05) 
 Least Concern
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Least Concern
St Vincent (EYB02)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern   (Probable Decline)
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [highly localised, prefers fresh water]
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [highly localised, prefers fresh water]
South Olary Plain (MDD01)Murray Darling Depression
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [habitat specific]
Murray Mallee (MDD02) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Definite Decline)   [habitat specific]
Braemer (MDD07) 
 Least Concern
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Definite Decline)   [highly localised, prefers fresh water]
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Gawler Lakes (GAW03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)   [limited habitat]
Arcoona Plateau (GAW04) 
 Least Concern
Kingoonya (GAW05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Torrens (GAW06) 
 Least Concern
Roxby (GAW07) 
 Least Concern
Commonwealth Hill (GAW08) 
 Least Concern
Barrier Range (BHC01)Broken Hill Complex
 Least Concern
Barrier Range Outwash (BHC04) 
 Least Concern
Bimbowrie (BHC05) 
 Least Concern
Curnamona (BHC06) 
 Least Concern
Simpson Desert (SSD02)Simpson Strzelecki Dunefields
 Least Concern
Dieri (SSD03) 
 Least Concern
Warriner (SSD04) 
 Least Concern
Strzelecki Desert (SSD05) 
 Least Concern
Breakaways (STP01)Stony Plains
 Least Concern
Oodnadatta (STP02) 
 Least Concern
Murnpeowie (STP03) 
 Least Concern
Peake-Dennison Inlier (STP04) 
 Least Concern
Macumba (STP05) 
 Least Concern
Witjira (STP06) 
 Least Concern
Baltana (STP07) 
 Least Concern
Sturt Stony Desert (CHC02)Channel Country
 Least Concern
Diamantina-Eyre (CHC04) 
 Least Concern
Coongie (CHC06) 
 Least Concern
Lake Pure (CHC07) 
 Least Concern
Mann-Musgrave Block (CER01)Central Ranges
 Least Concern
Everard Block (CER03) 
 Least Concern
Tieyon (FIN03)Finke
 Least Concern
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
Fleurieu (KAN02)KanmantooVulnerable
  (IUCN: VU D2)   (Probable Decline)   [edge of range; small pop at Cape Jervis]
6 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Vulnerable
3 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
, Vulnerable
3 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
, Vulnerable
8 of 8 subregionsGawlerLeast Concern
, Rare
, Vulnerable
4 of 4 subregionsBroken Hill ComplexLeast Concern
4 of 4 subregionsSimpson Strzelecki DunefieldsLeast Concern
7 of 7 subregionsStony PlainsLeast Concern
4 of 4 subregionsChannel CountryLeast Concern
2 of 3 subregionsCentral RangesLeast Concern
Tieyon (FIN03)FinkeLeast Concern
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Maireana]
SA Flora:
Flora of South Australia Edition 5
Name derivation:
Maireana named after Charles Antoine Lemaire (1800–71), a French botanist and professor of botany at Ghent. Aphylla from the Greek 'a' meaning without and 'phyllon' meaning leaf; referring to leaf-less stems.
Distribution:
Most commonly found in periodically waterlogged clay soils in the Arid Lands, Murraylands, Mid and Lower North regions of South Australia. Recorded on all mainland states.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the others states.
Plant description:
Branched shrub 0.5-2 m high, predominantly dioecious; branchlets striate, almost glabrous to somewhat woolly, often spiny; leaves small, alternate, 1-4 rarely to 8 mm long, sparsely to densely woolly, very shortly spurred at the base. Flowers and fruits from June to September in the north and January to July in the south.
Fruit type:
Fruiting perianth straw-coloured and papery when dry; tube hemispherical to turbinate, 1-2 mm high; wing simple, horizontal, c. 8 mm diameter, with a single radial slit; upper perianth sparsely woolly.
Seed type:
Ellipsoid to circular, brown, convex seed.
Embryo type:
Peripheral.
Seed collecting:
Collect dry papery fruits, check that well developed seed is present before making a collection. Shake or strip fruits into a vessel.
Seed cleaning:
Remove twigs and other plant material