Seeds of South Australia
Maireana campanulata (Chenopodiaceae)
Bell-fruit Bluebush
List of species for Maireana
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Seed collecting:
July to November
Herbarium regions:
North Western, Lake Eyre, Flinders Ranges
NRM regions:
Alinytjara Wilurara, South Australian Arid Lands
IBRA regions
Northern Flinders (FLB05)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Least Concern
Kingoonya (GAW05)Gawler
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Maralinga (GVD03)Great Victoria Desert
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Tallaringa (GVD05) 
 Near Threatened
Breakaways (STP01)Stony Plains
 Least Concern
Oodnadatta (STP02) 
 Near Threatened
Murnpeowie (STP03) 
 Near Threatened   [edge of range]
Witjira (STP06) 
 Near Threatened
Baltana (STP07) 
 Near Threatened
Sturt Stony Desert (CHC02)Channel Country
 Least Concern
Pedirka (FIN04)Finke
 Near Threatened
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Maireana]
SA Flora:
Flora of South Australia Edition 5
Name derivation:
'Maireana' after the 19th century Belgium botanist Adolphe Lemaire, 'campanulata' meaning bell shaped pertaining to the fruit shape.
Found on rocky slopes or well drained, stony soils in the Flinders Ranges region and northern areas of the state.
Native, also recorded in Northern Territory, Queensland and New South Wales.
Plant description:
Small shrub to 60 cm high; branchlets with pale-fawn curled shortly branched hairs; leaves slender, 8-15 mm long, fleshy, glaucous, glabrous. Flowers solitary, bisexual, glabrous. 
Fruit type:
Fruiting perianth glabrous; tube cup-shaped and spongy; wing thin, horizontal, entire, very narrow, approximately 10 mm diameter, no radial slit. Fruits and flowers July to November.
Seed type:
Seed ellipsoid - ovoid, convex brown seed
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Collect dry, papery fruits, check that they contain well developed seeds before making a collection. Shake or strip fruits into a vessel.
Seed cleaning:
Remove twigs and other plant material.
Seed viability:
Seed germination:
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
3150 (19.22 g)
3150 (19.22 g)
Lake Eyre
1700 (38.9 g)
1700 (38.9 g)
Lake Eyre
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.