Seeds of South Australia
Montia fontana ssp. chondrosperma (Portulacaceae)
List of species for Montia
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Seed collecting:
October to January
Herbarium region:
Southern Lofty
NRM region:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges
IBRA regions
Fleurieu (KAN02)Kanmantoo
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v))   (Probable Decline)   [localised in Higgs Swamp; on rocks, marshes, needs wet areas; cryptic; fluctuates; threatened by weeds & altered water regimes]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [localised; on rocks, marshes, needs wet areas; cryptic; fluctuates; threatened by weeds & altered water regimes]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Montia]
Name derivation:
Montia named after Guiseppe Monti (1682-1760), an Italian chemist and botanist, Professor of Botany and Director of the Bologna botanic garden. Fontana  from Latin meaning fountain or spring; referring to the species habitat in wet areas. Chondrosperma from the Greek 'chondros' meaning grain and 'sperma' meaning seed; possibly referring to the tiny grain-like seeds.
Found mainly in the southern Mount Lofty Ranges in South Australia, growing in moist areas along stream margins and wetlands. Also found in New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, New Zealand, North and South America and Europe
Native. Very rare in South Australia. Rare in New South Wales. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Annual herb to 20 cm high with ascending to erect stems, sometimes rooting at the nodes. Leaves oblanceolate to obovate, to 15 mm long, 4 mm wide. Flowers both solitary and in clusters with white flowers. Flowering between September and November.
Fruit type:
Pale brown capsules to 2 mm long on a long stalk.
Seed type:
Black ovoid seed to 1.2 mm diameter, covered in circular rounded tubercules.
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Collect mature capsules, those that are turning yellow or pale brown colour and contain black seeds.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 80%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
BGA10700 (4.13 g)3010-Oct-2007RJB74180
Southern Lofty
19-Sep-200880%+5°C, -18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.
Germination table:
DateResultT0T50Pre-treatment | Germination medium | Incubator: Photoperiod / Thermoperiod
1% agar;
Incubated under winter conditions
1% agar;
Incubated under spring/autumn conditions
Result: Maximum percentage of germination observed.
T0: Number of days before first germinant observed.
T50: Number of days to achieve 50% germination.
Pre-treatment: The initial treatment that the seeds received prior to placement on germination media.
Germination medium: The substrate that seeds were placed on for the duration of the germination experiment.
Incubator conditions:
Photoperiod: The duration of light exposure that the seeds were subject to during a 24 hour period.
Thermoperiod: The constant or diurnal temperatures that seeds were subject to during a 24 hour period.
Winter conditions: 15°C 20 h (3am→11pm); 5°C 4 h (11pm→3am) / 10 h light (8am→6pm); 14 h dark (6pm→8am)
Spring/Autumn conditions: 22°C 12 h (8am→8pm); 10°C 12 h (8pm→8am) / 12 h light (8am→8pm); 12 h dark (8pm→8am)
Summer conditions: 30°C 14 h (6am→8pm); 15°C 10 h (8pm→6am) / 14 h light (6am→8pm); 10 h dark (8pm→6am)