Seeds of South Australia
Nicotiana goodspeedii (Solanaceae)
Small-flower Tobacco
List of species for Nicotiana
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Seed collecting:
October to January
Herbarium regions:
North Western, Nullarbor, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Broughton (FLB02)Flinders Lofty Block
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   (Probable Decline)   [limited habitat]
Olary Spur (FLB03) 
 Least Concern
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Least Concern
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Near Threatened
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
St Vincent (EYB02) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Talia (EYB04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Least Concern
South Olary Plain (MDD01)Murray Darling Depression
 Least Concern
Murray Mallee (MDD02) 
 Least Concern
Braemer (MDD07) 
 Least Concern
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)Riverina
 Least Concern
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Least Concern
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02) 
 Least Concern
Gawler Lakes (GAW03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Arcoona Plateau (GAW04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Torrens (GAW06) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Maralinga (GVD03)Great Victoria Desert
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Yellabinna (GVD06) 
 Least Concern
Carlisle (NUL01)Nullarbor
 Least Concern
Nullarbor Plain (NUL02) 
 Least Concern
Yalata (NUL03) 
 Least Concern
Hampton (HAM01)Hampton
 Least Concern
Curnamona (BHC06)Broken Hill Complex
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Dieri (SSD03)Simpson Strzelecki Dunefields
 Data Deficient
Baltana (STP07)Stony Plains
 Data Deficient   [doubtful record]
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
4 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Vulnerable
5 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
3 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)RiverinaLeast Concern
5 of 8 subregionsGawlerLeast Concern
, Rare
2 of 4 subregionsGreat Victoria DesertLeast Concern
, Rare
3 of 3 subregionsNullarborLeast Concern
Hampton (HAM01)HamptonLeast Concern
Curnamona (BHC06)Broken Hill ComplexRare
  (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Dieri (SSD03)Simpson Strzelecki DunefieldsData Deficient
Baltana (STP07)Stony PlainsData Deficient
  [doubtful record]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Nicotiana]
Name derivation:
Nicotiana named after Jean Nicot (1530-1600), a French Ambassador for the King of France to Lisbon in 1560, who sent the first tobacco plant to France. Goodspeedii named after Thomas Harper Goodspeed (1887-1966), an American botanist specialising in the intragenerics relationships in Nicotiana and director of the University of California Botanic Gardens.
Distribution:
Found across the middle part of South Austral from the west coast to the eastern border, growing in open areas, often disturbed, usually on alkaline soils. Also found in Western Australia, New South Wales and Victoria.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Rare in Victoria. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Herb to 70 cm high or more, often with many glabrous stems. Leaves mostly basal to 5 cm or more long. Stem leaves subsessile to sessile to 19 cm long, elliptic to spathulate or narrowly so, upper leaves narrower. Inflorescence an erect panicle-like spikes, few branching with small tuberlar white. Flowering most of the year but mainly in spring.
Fruit type:
Brown ellipsoid to ovoid capsule to 10 mm long.
Seed type:
Orange-brown reniform seed to 1 mm long and 0.5 mm wide, covered in wrinkles.
Embryo type:
Linear fully developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature capsules, those that are brown or turning a pale straw colour and contain brown seeds. Can collect individual capsules or break off the whole fruit spike.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From two collections, the seed viability were high, ranging from 95% to 100%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA 
MSB
15000 (1.7 g)
15000 (1.7 g)
100+22-Nov-2005DJD213
Flinders Ranges
9-Aug-200695%-18°C
BGA32000 (3.88 g)503-Apr-2007RJB71147
Eastern
19-Sep-2008100%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.
Germination table:
DateResultT0T50Pre-treatment | Germination medium | Incubator: Photoperiod / Thermoperiod
May-084%25 dNA leached in water 72 h;
moist sand;
Incubated under winter conditions
May-084%12 dNA after ripening at 45°C 6 weeks;
moist sand;
Incubated under winter conditions
May-082%25 dNA
moist sand;
Incubated under winter conditions
May-080%NANA after ripening at 45°C 6 weeks, aerosol smoke 15min;
moist sand;
Incubated under winter conditions
Result: Maximum percentage of germination observed.
T0: Number of days before first germinant observed.
T50: Number of days to achieve 50% germination.
Pre-treatment: The initial treatment that the seeds received prior to placement on germination media.
Germination medium: The substrate that seeds were placed on for the duration of the germination experiment.
Incubator conditions:
Photoperiod: The duration of light exposure that the seeds were subject to during a 24 hour period.
Thermoperiod: The constant or diurnal temperatures that seeds were subject to during a 24 hour period.
Winter conditions: 15°C 20 h (3am→11pm); 5°C 4 h (11pm→3am) / 10 h light (8am→6pm); 14 h dark (6pm→8am)
Spring/Autumn conditions: 22°C 12 h (8am→8pm); 10°C 12 h (8pm→8am) / 12 h light (8am→8pm); 12 h dark (8pm→8am)
Summer conditions: 30°C 14 h (6am→8pm); 15°C 10 h (8pm→6am) / 14 h light (6am→8pm); 10 h dark (8pm→6am)