Seeds of South Australia
Phyllanthus calycinus (Euphorbiaceae)
Snowdrop Spurge
List of species for Phyllanthus
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Seed collecting:
October to December
Herbarium regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke
IBRA regions
Fleurieu (KAN02)Kanmantoo
 Data Deficient   [1 old record Victor Harbor, checked by Dean C]
Northern Flinders (FLB05)Flinders Lofty Block
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [on limestone; Mawson Plateau; restricted habitat; northern outlier]
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Definite Decline)
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)
Talia (EYB04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Phyllanthus]
Name derivation:
Phyllanthus from the Greek 'phyllon' meaning a leaf and 'anthos' meaning a flower; referring to some foreign species where the flowers grow on the edges of dilated leaf-like branchlets. Calycinus means having a persistent (or conspicuous) calyx.
Found on Eyre Peninsula, tip of Yorke Peninsula, Kangaroo Island and southern Fleurieu Peninsula in South Australia, growing on sandy soil. Also found in Western Australia.
Native. Rare in South Australia. Common in Western Australia.
Plant description:
Erect glabrous shrub to 50 cm tall, with many branches arising from the base. Leaves inserted spirally on short but distinct stalk, oblong-cuneate, to 15 mm long and 7 mm wide, mucronulate, flat, green-glaucous. Flowers on slender stalk, female flowers solitary, with or without 2 or 3 males in the same axils. Male perianth-segments 6 rarely 5, petal-like, ovate, pink, bordered with white, anthers and filaments free, cells dehiscing lengthwise. Female perianth larger than in the males, the segments broadly ovate, nearly concealing the capsule, styles free or very shortly united at the base. Flowering between May and October.
Fruit type:
Green globular capsule to 5 mm diameter.
Seed type:
Brown sectoroid seed to 3 mm long and 2.2 mm wide, smooth with longitudinally striate with darker lines. 
Embryo type:
Spatulate fully developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect individually or break off short fruiting stems with fat, brown capsules with hard dark seed. Slightly green capsules can be collected if the seeds are dark and hard.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. Then gently rub the capsules with a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieves to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
Seed viability can be variable and seeds. From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 85%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
BGA3600 (14.45 g)2511-Nov-2009TST802
Yorke Peninsula
Jun-201085%+5°C, -18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.