Seeds of South Australia
Phylloglossum drummondii (Lycopodiaceae)
Pigmy Club-moss
List of species for Phylloglossum
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Seed collecting:
August to November
Herbarium regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Murray, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
Lucindale (NCP03)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [needs damp soil; probably undercollected]
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [in Flinders Chase; needs damp areas; land clearance has replaced habitat]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)   [needs damp soil; threatened by overgrown veg in swamps]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [needs damp soil]
Eyre Hills (EYB03)Eyre Yorke Block
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [annual]
Lowan Mallee (MDD04)Murray Darling Depression
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [historical habitat loss; limited population; threats: ground water use, agroforestry]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Phylloglossum]
Name derivation:
Phylloglossum from the Greek 'phyllon' meaning leaf and 'glossa' meaning tongue; possibly referring to the strobilus sticking out like a tongue from the rosetted leaves.. Drummondii named after James Drummond (1786-1863), a Scottish born botanist and naturalist who was the curator of the government gardens in Cork, Ireland and an early settler in Western Australia.
Found on the tip of the Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, southern Mount Lofty Ranges and the South-east, growing on moist sandy or clay soil, particularly after fire. Also found in Western Australia, Victoria and Tasmania.
Native. Rare in South Australia. Rare in Tasmania. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Tuberous, perennial grass-like herb to 5 cm tall. Tuber whitish, covered with papery scales, usually with one lateral root. Leaves usually less than 10, rosetted at apex of tuber, linear, to 2 cm long, fleshy. Strobili (a cone-like structure consisting of sporophylls) terminal to 7 mm long, on leafless, fleshy stalk up to 4 cm long. Grow during winter and spring 
Fruit type:
Sporophylls spirally arranged, closely overlapping, spreading when ripe, broadly ovate-triangular. Sporangia in axil of each sporophyll, broad, kidney-shaped, pale yellow.
Seed type:
Pale yellow broad kidney-shaped sporangia in axil of each sporophyll.
Seed collecting:
Collect strobili that are turning yellow, these will contain mature sporohylls with spores. Place them in a seal paper bag to prevent spores from fulling out.
Seed cleaning:
Leave fronds in the paper bag to dry. The spores will fall off naturally or give the fronds a gentle shake. Use a very fine sieve to separate any unwanted material. Be careful as the spores are very fine. Store spores in an air tight container in a cool and dry place or in a -20oC freezer.