Seeds of South Australia
Pseudanthus micranthus (Euphorbiaceae)
Fringed Pseudanthus
List of species for Pseudanthus
Display more images
Click on an image to enlarge it
Seed collecting:
January to December
Herbarium regions:
Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Kangaroo Island
IBRA region
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [very difficult to find]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Definite Decline)   [habitat fragmented; grazed; one bad event & could be gone]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Pseudanthus]
Name derivation:
Pseudanthus from the Greek 'pseudes' meaning false and 'anthos' meaning a flower; referring to the tyre species Pseudanthus pimeleoides, which has small flowers clustered at the summit of the branchlets resembling one showy flower. Micranthus from the Greek 'micros' meaning small and 'anthos' meaning flower; alluding to the species tiny flowers.
Endemic to South Australia and found on Kangaroo Island and the Fleurieu Peninsula, growing in woodlands or heathlands.
Native. Rare in South Australia.
Plant description:
Dwarf shrubs to 20 cm high with a woody tap root, reddish stems covered in minutely short stiff thick hairs. Leaves alternate, glabrous, orbicular or ovate, to 6 mm long and 2.5 mm wide. Inflorescence yellow with a reddish pink or reddish brown margin with male flowers in axils on terminal leafy shoots, several to many and female flowers solitary, scattered among males. Flowers throughout the year.
Fruit type:
Yellowish green becoming tinged red with age, ovoid capsule to 5.5 mm long with 1-cell and 1 seed, smooth or slightly rugose.
Seed type:
Brown ovoid seed to 3 mm long and 2.5 mm wide, smooth, shiny.
Embryo type:
Spatulate fully developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect individual capsule by hand, those that are fat, red and contain dark, hard seed.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. Then gently rub the capsules with a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieves to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
Seed viability can be variable and seeds. From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 90%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
1350 (10.89 g)
1350 (10.89 g)
Southern Lofty
1-Aug-200790%+5°C, -18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.