Seeds of South Australia
Ptilotus barkeri (Amaranthaceae)
Barker's Mulla Mulla
List of species for Ptilotus
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Seed collecting:
October to December
Herbarium region:
Lake Eyre
NRM region:
South Australian Arid Lands
IBRA region
Breakaways (STP01)Stony Plains
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [habitat limited to gypsum mounds; emdemic to SA]
Oodnadatta (STP02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [habitat limited to gypsum mounds; emdemic to SA]
Baltana (STP07) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [habitat limited to gypsum mounds; emdemic to SA]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Ptilotus]
SA Flora:
Flora of South Australia Edition 5
Name derivation:
Ptilotus from the Greek 'ptilotos' meaning feathered or winged; referring to the hairy flowers. Barkeri named after Dr W.R. Barker, Senior Botanist in the State Herbarium of South Australia. Dr Barker had recognised the plant as different from Ptilotus parvifolius and from any other previously described species.
Endemic to South Australia and found in the north central part, growing in white gypsum or limestone soils on slopes of breakaways with scattered Acacia spp., chenopods. and herbs.
Native. Rare in South Australia.
Plant description:
Erect woody shrubs to 40 cm high with stems hairy, glabrescent with age. Leaves ovate or obovate, glabrous, or with some scattered hairs basally or marginally, to 10 mm long and 4 mm wide. Inflorescences terminal or pseudo-terminal, hemispherical or ovoid, to 3 cm long with 35 white, pinkish tinged when fresh flowers covered in dense hairs. Flowering between May and August.
Fruit type:
White to pale brown, cylindrical head containing numerous long papery and hairy fruits, each containing one seed.
Seed type:
Brown reinform seed to 2 mm long and 1 mm wide.
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Be very careful when collecting this species as the fruits contain fine hairs that may cause an allergic reaction for some people. Collect the fruit heads when dried to a pale straw colour. Each fruit should come off the head easily when fingers are rubbed up the stem. Collect more fruits than required as not all fruits contain viable seed.
Seed cleaning:
Be very careful when cleaning this species as the fruits contain fine hairs that may cause an allergic reaction for some people. To clean, rub the fruit heads gently to dislodge the seed at the base of each fruit. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was average, at 70%.
Seed germination:
Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
BGA510 (0.35 g)50+14-Dec-2010TST1113
Lake Eyre
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.