Seeds of South Australia
Ptilotus gaudichaudii ssp. gaudichaudii (Amaranthaceae)
Yellow Ptilotus
List of species for Ptilotus
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Seed collecting:
September to January
Herbarium regions:
North Western, Lake Eyre, Nullarbor, Gairdner-Torrens, Eyre Peninsula
NRM regions:
Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, South Australian Arid Lands
IBRA regions
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02) 
 Least Concern
Gawler Lakes (GAW03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Kingoonya (GAW05) 
 Least Concern
Roxby (GAW07) 
 Least Concern
Commonwealth Hill (GAW08) 
 Least Concern
Maralinga (GVD03)Great Victoria Desert
 Least Concern
Kintore (GVD04) 
 Least Concern
Tallaringa (GVD05) 
 Least Concern
Yellabinna (GVD06) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Breakaways (STP01)Stony Plains
 Near Threatened
Oodnadatta (STP02) 
 Near Threatened
Mann-Musgrave Block (CER01)Central Ranges
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Everard Block (CER03) 
 Least Concern
Tieyon (FIN03)Finke
 Least Concern
IBRA regions
6 of 8 subregionsGawlerLeast Concern
, Rare
4 of 4 subregionsGreat Victoria DesertLeast Concern
, Rare
2 of 7 subregionsStony PlainsNear Threatened
2 of 3 subregionsCentral RangesLeast Concern
, Rare
Tieyon (FIN03)FinkeLeast Concern
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Ptilotus]
SA Flora:
Flora of South Australia Edition 5
Name derivation:
Ptilotus from the Greek 'ptilotos' meaning feathered or winged; referring to the hairy flowers. Gaudichaudii named after Charles Gaudichaud-Beaupre (1789-1854), a French botanist who sailed on Freycinet expedition (1817-20) to Australia and named a few Australian genus.
Found in the central and western parts of South Australia, growing on dunes, plains or creek banks, in red or brown sand, loam or clay-loam, in open mulga (Acacia aneura) woodland, chenopod shrubland or Triodia communities. Also found in Western Australia and Northern Territory.
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Erect herbs to 70 cm high with stems and leaves sparsely hairy. Leaves narrowly obovate or narrowly elliptic, rarely subspathulate or ovate, basal leaves usually withered and senescent by anthesis, to 65 mm long and 8 mm wide, stem leaves to 47 mm long and 5 mm wide. Inflorescences terminal, globose, shortly cylindrical, or hemispherical to 3 cm long with 35 yellow flowers, with hairs at the base. Flowering between April and November. This subspecies is distinguish from the other subspecies found in South Australia by having perianth 10–15 mm long and style 7–10.5 mm long while Ptilotus gaudichaudii ssp. parviflorus has perianth 7.5–9 mm long and style 4.5–5 mm long.
Fruit type:
Yellow-brown globular or cylindrical head containing numerous long papery and hairy fruits, each containing one seed.
Seed type:
Orange-brown reniform seed.
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Be very careful when collecting this species as the fruits contain fine hairs that may cause an allergic reaction for some people. Collect the fruit heads when dried to a pale straw colour. Each fruit should come off the head easily when fingers are rubbed up the stem. Collect more fruits than required as not all fruits will have a viable seed.
Seed cleaning:
Be very careful when cleaning this species as the fruits contain fine hairs that may cause an allergic reaction for some people. To clean, rub the fruit heads gently to dislodge the seed at the base of each fruit. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:
Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily.