Seeds of South Australia
Amphipogon caricinus var. caricinus (Gramineae)
Long Grey Beard-grass
List of species for Amphipogon
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Seed collecting:
November to December
Herbarium regions:
North Western, Nullarbor, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Tintinara (NCP04)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [likes white sands; limited habitat]
Fleurieu (KAN02)Kanmantoo
 Near Threatened   [restricted to sand; needs fire or disturbance to set seed]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Near Threatened   [restricted to sand; could be some incorrect ID's]
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Northern Flinders (FLB05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Decline)   [limited habitat]
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
St Vincent (EYB02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Least Concern   [likes sand dunes]
Talia (EYB04) 
 Least Concern   [limited habitat]
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Least Concern   [likes sand dunes]
South Olary Plain (MDD01)Murray Darling Depression
 Near Threatened   (Probable Decline)   [likes sand; regenerates after fire; grazing by goats & drought are threats]
Murray Mallee (MDD02) 
 Least Concern
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [limited habitat]
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Least Concern
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)Riverina
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i))
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Least Concern   [likes sand dunes]
Gawler Lakes (GAW03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Kingoonya (GAW05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Roxby (GAW07) 
 Near Threatened   [widespread ]
Commonwealth Hill (GAW08) 
 Least Concern
Maralinga (GVD03)Great Victoria Desert
 Least Concern
Kintore (GVD04) 
 Least Concern
Tallaringa (GVD05) 
 Least Concern
Yellabinna (GVD06) 
 Least Concern   [likes sand dunes]
Carlisle (NUL01)Nullarbor
 Least Concern
Yalata (NUL03) 
 Least Concern   [likes sand dunes]
Barrier Range Outwash (BHC04)Broken Hill Complex
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Lake Pure (CHC07)Channel Country
 Near Threatened   [comes up after rain]
Mann-Musgrave Block (CER01)Central Ranges
 Least Concern
Watarru (CER02) 
 Least Concern
Tieyon (FIN03)Finke
 Least Concern
Pedirka (FIN04) 
 Least Concern
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
Tintinara (NCP04)Naracoorte Coastal PlainRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [likes white sands; limited habitat]
Fleurieu (KAN02)KanmantooNear Threatened
  [restricted to sand; needs fire or disturbance to set seed]
5 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockNear Threatened
, Rare
5 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
4 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)RiverinaRare
  (IUCN: RA d(i))
5 of 8 subregionsGawlerLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
4 of 4 subregionsGreat Victoria DesertLeast Concern
2 of 3 subregionsNullarborLeast Concern
Barrier Range Outwash (BHC04)Broken Hill ComplexRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Lake Pure (CHC07)Channel CountryNear Threatened
  [comes up after rain]
2 of 3 subregionsCentral RangesLeast Concern
2 of 2 subregionsFinkeLeast Concern
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Amphipogon]
Name derivation:
Amphipogon from the Greek 'amphi' meaning double and 'pogon' meaning beard, alluding to the hairs around the spikelet rachis. Caricinus from the Latin 'carex' meaning reed-grass and 'inus' meaning belonging to, alluding to its similarity to Carex.
Distribution:
Found  in hilly areas with sandy skeletal or red earth soils across much of the drier parts of South Australia. Also found in all other mainland states.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in other states.
Plant description:
Grass to 60cm high, with tufted or with very short more or less oblique rhizome . Leaf blades to 15 cm long. Panicle oblong to narrow-cylindrical to 4cm long, less than 1 cm broad. Spikelets 9-10 mm long.
Fruit type:
Lemma 6-8 mm long (including the awns), awn hairs (cilia) continuing (without reduction in length) right to the awn-tips; anthers c. 3 mm long. 
Seed type:
Yellow-brown grain to 3mm long.
Embryo type:
Lateral.
Seed collecting:
Use hands to gently strip seeds off the mature seedheads that are turning straw colour. Mature seeds will come off easily. Alternatively, you can break off the whole seedheads.
Seed cleaning:
Place the seeds/seedheads in a tray and leave to dry for two weeks. No further cleaning is required if only seed collected. If seedheads collected, use hand to strip off the mature seeds. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry plac
Seed viability:
From  one collection, the seed viability was low, at 25%.
Seed germination:
Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily.