Seeds of South Australia
Sarcozona praecox (Aizoaceae)
Early Noon-flower
List of species for Sarcozona
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Seed collecting:
October to January
Herbarium regions:
North Western, Lake Eyre, Nullarbor, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray
NRM regions:
Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Tintinara (NCP04)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Data Deficient   [unusual record, out of range]
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Regionally Extinct   [(no records) presumed extinct]
Broughton (FLB02)Flinders Lofty Block
 Data Deficient   [DD ]
Olary Spur (FLB03) 
 Data Deficient
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Data Deficient   [DD ]
Northern Flinders (FLB05) 
 Least Concern   [more suitable habitat]
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Near Threatened   [localised ]
St Vincent (EYB02)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern   [In Winninowie CP]
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Least Concern
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Decline)
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)
Braemer (MDD07) 
 Data Deficient
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)Riverina
 Least Concern   [tolerates salinity]
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Near Threatened   [limited habitat]
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02) 
 Least Concern
Gawler Lakes (GAW03) 
 Near Threatened   [limited habitat]
Arcoona Plateau (GAW04) 
 Least Concern   [undercollected]
Kingoonya (GAW05) 
 Near Threatened   [limited habitat]
Torrens (GAW06) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [edge of range, habitat]
Roxby (GAW07) 
 Least Concern   [needs winter rainfall]
Commonwealth Hill (GAW08) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [needs winter rainfall]
Maralinga (GVD03)Great Victoria Desert
 Near Threatened
Yellabinna (GVD06) 
 Least Concern
Nullarbor Plain (NUL02)Nullarbor
 Near Threatened
Yalata (NUL03) 
 Near Threatened
Hampton (HAM01)Hampton
 Near Threatened
Barrier Range (BHC01)Broken Hill Complex
 Data Deficient
Murnpeowie (STP03)Stony Plains
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range; needs winter rainfall]
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
Tintinara (NCP04)Naracoorte Coastal PlainData Deficient
  [unusual record, out of range]
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)KanmantooRegionally Extinct
  [(no records) presumed extinct]
5 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Data Deficient
3 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
3 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionRare
, Vulnerable
, Data Deficient
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)RiverinaLeast Concern
  [tolerates salinity]
8 of 8 subregionsGawlerLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
2 of 4 subregionsGreat Victoria DesertLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
2 of 3 subregionsNullarborNear Threatened
Hampton (HAM01)HamptonNear Threatened
Barrier Range (BHC01)Broken Hill ComplexData Deficient
Murnpeowie (STP03)Stony PlainsRare
  (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range; needs winter rainfall]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Sarcozona]
Name derivation:
Sarcozona from the Greek 'sarkos' meaning flesh and 'zone' meaning involucre; referring to the cup-shaped base of the involucre. Praecox from Latin meaning premature or early-ripening; possibly referring to the species earlier flowering than other pigfaces. 
Distribution:
Found across the central part of South Australia, growing in mallee, woodlands and salt lakes on sandy loam and clay loam. Also found in Western Australia, New South Wales and Victoria.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Rare in Victoria. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Erect to decumbent perennial succulent to 0.5 m high and 1 m diameter. Leaves fleshy to 10 cm long and 8 mm thick, the uppermost pair commonly enclosing more than half the ovary, surface with fine wrinkles. Flowers large pink daisy-like flowers at the end of stems with no stalk. Flowering between July and October.
Fruit type:
Dry brown capsule.
Embryo type:
Peripheral.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature fruits, those that are fat and turning red with brown seeds inside or collect capsules that are brown and dried.
Seed cleaning:
If fruits are fresh, break open the fruits and wash the content in water. Drain the liquid leaving behind the seeds. Place the wet seeds onto paper towels and leave to dry. If fruits are dried, rub the fruits with a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Be careful as the seeds are very small. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:
Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily.