Seeds of South Australia
Amyema melaleucae (Loranthaceae)
Tea-tree Mistletoe
List of species for Amyema
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Seed collecting:
February to July
Herbarium regions:
Nullarbor, Flinders Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Least Concern
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Least Concern
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Near Threatened   [limited habitat]
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [only mistletoe on KI, in M halmaturina; undercollected]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [in Onkaparinga area]
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern
St Vincent (EYB02) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Least Concern
Talia (EYB04) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Least Concern
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i))   [3 hosts]
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Least Concern
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02)Gawler
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Gawler Lakes (GAW03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Yellabinna (GVD06)Great Victoria Desert
 Least Concern
Nullarbor Plain (NUL02)Nullarbor
 Least Concern
Yalata (NUL03) 
 Least Concern
Hampton (HAM01)Hampton
 Least Concern
IBRA regions
3 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)KanmantooRare
  (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [only mistletoe on KI, in M halmaturina; undercollected]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty BlockRare
  (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [in Onkaparinga area]
5 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
2 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
, Rare
2 of 8 subregionsGawlerRare
Yellabinna (GVD06)Great Victoria DesertLeast Concern
2 of 3 subregionsNullarborLeast Concern
Hampton (HAM01)HamptonLeast Concern
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Amyema]
Name derivation:
Amyema from the Greek 'a-' meaning not and 'myeo' meaning to initiate, referring to a new feature having been found to separate this genus from the genus Loranthus. Melaleucae from the genus melaleuca, referring to the species exclusively parasitic on Melaleuca.
Found across the southern part of South Australia in coastal or near-coastal situations, exclusively parasitic on Melaleuca. Also found in Western Australia.
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in Western Australia.
Plant description:
Semiparisitic aerial shrub with lanceolate to narrow-spathulate leaves to 45 mm long and 7 mm wide; glabrous, gradually tapering to the base and without a distinct petiole; rounded at the apex. Inflorescence with long red flowers in umbels; anthers about half the length of the free part of the filament. Flowering between November and April.
Fruit type:
Globular fruit to 8 mm diameter; red and fleshy when ripe.
Seed collecting:
Collect fruits that are maturing, turning red and sticky.
Seed cleaning:
No cleaning is required if only seeds are collected. However, seeds can not be stored long term.
Seed viability:
Seeds are recalcitrant, that is they do not survive drying and freezing and can not be stored long term for ex-situ conservation.
Seed germination:
Seeds are recalcitrant and will germinate readily.