Seeds of South Australia
Amyema miquelii (Loranthaceae)
Box Mistletoe
List of species for Amyema
Click on an image to enlarge it
Seed collecting:
February to June
Herbarium regions:
North Western, Lake Eyre, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Least Concern
Glenelg Plain (NCP02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Least Concern   (Probable Increase)
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Least Concern   (Probable Increase)
Fleurieu (KAN02)Kanmantoo
 Least Concern
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Least Concern   (Probable Increase)
Olary Spur (FLB03) 
 Least Concern   (Probable Increase)
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Least Concern   (Probable Increase)
Northern Flinders (FLB05) 
 Least Concern   [favours Eucalypts]
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Least Concern   [favours Eucalypts]
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)   [Hosts have declines]
St Vincent (EYB02) 
 Least Concern   (Probable Increase)   [In plague proportions on mallee on council reserves]
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [lack of records?]
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [lack of records?]
South Olary Plain (MDD01)Murray Darling Depression
 Least Concern
Murray Mallee (MDD02) 
 Least Concern
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [limited habitat, edge of range; could be increasing]
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Least Concern
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)Riverina
 Least Concern
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Least Concern
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Gawler Lakes (GAW03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Arcoona Plateau (GAW04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Kingoonya (GAW05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Torrens (GAW06) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [unusual record]
Maralinga (GVD03)Great Victoria Desert
 Least Concern
Kintore (GVD04) 
 Least Concern
Yellabinna (GVD06) 
 Least Concern
Yalata (NUL03)Nullarbor
 Least Concern
Bimbowrie (BHC05)Broken Hill Complex
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [Lack of hosts]
Curnamona (BHC06) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [Lack of hosts]
Breakaways (STP01)Stony Plains
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [localised; lack of hosts]
Murnpeowie (STP03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [outlier ]
Lake Pure (CHC07)Channel Country
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Mann-Musgrave Block (CER01)Central Ranges
 Least Concern
Watarru (CER02) 
 Least Concern
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic PlainRare
  (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
4 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainLeast Concern
, Rare
Fleurieu (KAN02)KanmantooLeast Concern
6 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
4 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
5 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
, Rare
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)RiverinaLeast Concern
6 of 8 subregionsGawlerLeast Concern
, Rare
3 of 4 subregionsGreat Victoria DesertLeast Concern
Yalata (NUL03)NullarborLeast Concern
2 of 4 subregionsBroken Hill ComplexRare
2 of 7 subregionsStony PlainsRare
Lake Pure (CHC07)Channel CountryRare
  (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
2 of 3 subregionsCentral RangesLeast Concern
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Amyema]
Name derivation:
Amyema from the Greek 'a-' meaning not and 'myeo' meaning to initiate, referring to a new feature having been found to separate this genus from the genus Loranthus. Miquelii named after Dr. Friedrich Anton Wilhelm Miquel (1811-1871), a Dutch botanist whose main focus was on the flora of the Dutch East Indies.
Distribution:
Found throughout much of South Australia except on Kangaroo Island, growing in sclerophyll forest and woodland, parasitising on many species of Eucalyptus and Acacia species, rarely on other hosts. Also found in all mainland states.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Semiparisitic aerial shrub with stems and leaves glabrous, except for young shoots. Leaves linear to elliptic to 40mm long and 3 mm wide. Inflorescence a hanging cluster of red flowers with the central stalk longer than the other two. Flowering between December and April.
Fruit type:
Yellow-red cylindrical to pear-shaped fruit to 12 mm long; fleshy.
Seed type:
Large sticky globular seeds.
Seed collecting:
Collect fruits that are maturing, turning yellow and sticky. Seeds can be collected about 12 weeks after flowering.
Seed cleaning:
No cleaning is required if only seeds are collected. However, seeds can not be stored long term.
Seed viability:
Seeds are recalcitrant, that is they do not survive drying and freezing and can not be stored long term for ex-situ conservation.
Seed germination:
Seeds are recalcitrant and will germinate readily.