Seeds of South Australia
Sclerolaena bicornis var. bicornis (Chenopodiaceae)
Goat-head Burr
List of species for Sclerolaena
Click on an image to enlarge it
Seed collecting:
September to November
Herbarium regions:
Lake Eyre, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern
NRM region:
South Australian Arid Lands
IBRA regions
Northern Flinders (FLB05)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [southern edge of range]
Torrens (GAW06)Gawler
 Least Concern
Roxby (GAW07) 
 Least Concern
Simpson Desert (SSD02)Simpson Strzelecki Dunefields
 Least Concern
Dieri (SSD03) 
 Least Concern
Warriner (SSD04) 
 Least Concern
Strzelecki Desert (SSD05) 
 Least Concern
Breakaways (STP01)Stony Plains
 Least Concern
Oodnadatta (STP02) 
 Least Concern
Murnpeowie (STP03) 
 Least Concern
Peake-Dennison Inlier (STP04) 
 Least Concern
Macumba (STP05) 
 Least Concern
Witjira (STP06) 
 Least Concern
Baltana (STP07) 
 Least Concern
Sturt Stony Desert (CHC02)Channel Country
 Least Concern
Diamantina-Eyre (CHC04) 
 Least Concern
Coongie (CHC06) 
 Least Concern
Lake Pure (CHC07) 
 Least Concern
Pedirka (FIN04)Finke
 Least Concern
IBRA regions
2 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
2 of 8 subregionsGawlerLeast Concern
4 of 4 subregionsSimpson Strzelecki DunefieldsLeast Concern
7 of 7 subregionsStony PlainsLeast Concern
4 of 4 subregionsChannel CountryLeast Concern
Pedirka (FIN04)FinkeLeast Concern
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Sclerolaena]
SA Flora:
Flora of South Australia Edition 5
Name derivation:
'Sclerolaena' from the Greek skleros, meaning hard; and chlaina, meaning covering; referring to the hard fruiting perianth covering the seed. Bicornis meaning two horns.
Found predominantly in the Lake Eyre Region in South Australia. Also recorded in other mainland states bar Victoria. 
Native, common.
Plant description:
Shrub with white woolly branches and slender fleshy leaves to 20 mm long. 
Fruit type:
Fruit covered with white woolly hair except for the distal ends of two (rarely three) prominent spines 10-20 mm long erect to spreading. 
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Collect seeds by stripping the spiny fruits off wearing gloves to protect from the spines.
Seed cleaning:
Remove twigs, leaves and other material using a sieve. Leave fruits to dry before storage