Seeds of South Australia
Scutellaria humilis (Labiatae)
Skullcap
List of species for Scutellaria
Display more images
Click on an image to enlarge it
Seed collecting:
December to February
Herbarium regions:
Flinders Ranges, Murray, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
IBRA regions
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [likes damp gullies]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Near Threatened
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Critically Endangered   (IUCN: CR D)   [in Scott Ck; only known from 1 location; limited habitat]
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN D)   [highly localised; long-lived, tough; climate sensitive; only a handful of plants left; edge of range]
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [restricted to river]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Scutellaria]
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA5800 (3.3 g)50+28-Jan-2008KHB113
Southern Lofty
19-Sep-200880%+5°C, -18°C
BGA 
MSB
5700 (4.18 g)
5700 (4.18 g)
509-Dec-2007RJB76183
Southern Lofty
19-Sep-2008100%+5°C, -18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.
Germination table:
DateResultT0T50Pre-treatment | Germination medium | Incubator: Photoperiod / Thermoperiod
Aug-1592%7 d7 d 500 mg/L gibberellic acid 48 h;
1% agar;
Incubated under spring/autumn conditions
Aug-1586%14 d28 d
1% agar;
Incubated under spring/autumn conditions
Aug-1576%14 d21 d 30% hydrogen peroxide 10 min, water rinse;
1% agar;
Incubated under spring/autumn conditions
Aug-154%35 dNA dry heat 80°C oven 10 min, 30% hydrogen peroxide 10 min, 10% smoke water 24 h;
1% agar;
Incubated under spring/autumn conditions
Result: Maximum percentage of germination observed.
T0: Number of days before first germinant observed.
T50: Number of days to achieve 50% germination.
Pre-treatment: The initial treatment that the seeds received prior to placement on germination media.
Germination medium: The substrate that seeds were placed on for the duration of the germination experiment.
Incubator conditions:
Photoperiod: The duration of light exposure that the seeds were subject to during a 24 hour period.
Thermoperiod: The constant or diurnal temperatures that seeds were subject to during a 24 hour period.
Winter conditions: 15°C 20 h (3am→11pm); 5°C 4 h (11pm→3am) / 10 h light (8am→6pm); 14 h dark (6pm→8am)
Spring/Autumn conditions: 22°C 12 h (8am→8pm); 10°C 12 h (8pm→8am) / 12 h light (8am→8pm); 12 h dark (8pm→8am)
Summer conditions: 30°C 14 h (6am→8pm); 15°C 10 h (8pm→6am) / 14 h light (6am→8pm); 10 h dark (8pm→6am)