Seeds of South Australia
Senecio cunninghamii var. cunninghamii (Compositae)
Branching Groundsel
List of species for Senecio
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Seed collecting:
January to April
Herbarium regions:
Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty
NRM regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands
IBRA regions
Fleurieu (KAN02)Kanmantoo
 Critically Endangered   (IUCN: CR B2ab(i,ii,iii); D)   (Probable Decline)   [wetland sp restricted to Goolwa area; habitat gone; could be extinct]
Southern Flinders (FLB04)Flinders Lofty Block
 Data Deficient
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Data Deficient
St Vincent (EYB02) 
 Data Deficient
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [changes to water regimes a threat; could be extinct]
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [habitat decline, fluctuates]
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)Riverina
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [changes to water regimes a threat]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Senecio]
Name derivation:
Senecio from the Latin 'senex' meaning an old man; referring to the white pappus attached to the seed. Cunninghamii named after Allan Cunningham (1791-1839), an English botanist and explorer, primarily known for his travels in Australia to collect plants, including the type specimen for this species from Lake George.
Distribution:
Found on the upper Yorke Peninsula, the Mount Lofty Ranges and along the Murray River in South Australia. Also found in New South Wales and Victoria.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Perrenial shrub to 1.8 m high, hailess except for newer growth which has woolly hairs and glaucous. Leaves sub-fleshy to fleshy. Mid-branch leaves narrow-elliptic, narrow oblong-elliptic or linear to narrow-linear, to 14 cm long, undivided. Upper leaves with small undivided auricles, not amplexicaul, margin entire, revolute, or sometimes larger leaves with scattered teeth. Flower-heads with 5–25 dense clusters, with small yellow rayless daisy flowers. This variety differ from Senecio cunninghamii var. flindersensis by having a Stem leaves length:width ratio > 10, margin usually entire and mid-branch leaves with length:width ratio 15–40. Peduncles and capitula glabrous at and before anthesis, often glaucous. Flowering mostly summer to autumn.
Fruit type:
Pale brown vase-shaped daisy-head.
Embryo type:
Spatulate fully developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect heads that are fat, hard and turning brown by picking off the whole heads.
Seed cleaning:
Place the heads in a tray for a week to dry. Then rub the heads gently with your hands or a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Viable seeds will be fat and hard. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.