Seeds of South Australia
Senecio dolichocephalus (Compositae)
Mallee Fireweed
List of species for Senecio
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Seed collecting:
November to March
Herbarium regions:
Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island
NRM regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
IBRA regions
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Data Deficient   [1 odd record]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [edge of range; regenerates easily]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [have been taxonomic changes; could be records missing; regenerates easily]
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Data Deficient
Olary Spur (FLB03) 
 Data Deficient
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Near Threatened   [in Brachinna Gorge, undercollected, edge of range]
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Decline)
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Senecio]
Name derivation:
Senecio from the Latin 'senex' meaning an old man; referring to the white pappus attached to the seed. Dolichocephalus from the Greek 'dolichos' meaning long and 'cephale' meaning head, referring to the relatively long capitula (flower cluster)
Distribution:
Found on the Eyre Peninsula, upper Yorke Peninsula, Flinders Ranges and the Mount Lofty Ranges in South Australia, growing in sandy soils in woodland and shrublands. Also found in Western Australia and Victoria.
Status:
Native. Uncommon in South Australia. Rare in Western Australia. Uncommon in Victoria.
Plant description:
Erect annual herb to 60 cm high with fleshy stems covered in cottony hairs. Leaves in middle third of stems oblanceolate to very narrow-elliptic to 15 cm long, not dissected but may have dentations or teeth, upper surface scabrous, lower suface usually purple with coarse hairs. Leaves in upper stems narrow-linear to 30 cm with cobwebby hairs on both surfaces. Inflorescence of several capitula (heads) with yellow ray-less daisy flowers. Flowering between September and February.
Fruit type:
Large fluffy daisy-head with exposed white pappus.
Embryo type:
Spatulate fully developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect heads that are large and fluffy. Either pick off the whole heads or use your finger and pull off the seeds from the head. Mature seeds will come off easily.
Seed cleaning:
Place the heads in a tray for a week to dry. No cleaning is required if only pure seeds are collected. If heads are collected, then rub the heads gently with your hands to dislodge the seeds. Viable seeds will be fat and hard. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.