Seeds of South Australia
Senecio glomeratus ssp. glomeratus (Compositae)
Short-fruit Purple Fireweed
List of species for Senecio
Display more images
Click on an image to enlarge it
Seed collecting:
February to April
Herbarium regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Murray, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Data Deficient
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Near Threatened
Glenelg Plain (NCP02) 
 Data Deficient
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Least Concern
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Near Threatened
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [prob undercollected; only 1 pop known to be in a reserve]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Least Concern   [found on creek lines; comes up readily]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern   [found on creek lines; comes up readily]
St Vincent (EYB02)Eyre Yorke Block
 Regionally Extinct   [Regionally extinct.]
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Decline)
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Data Deficient   [unlikely loc.]
IBRA regions
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic PlainData Deficient
4 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Data Deficient
2 of 2 subregionsKanmantooLeast Concern
, Vulnerable
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
  [found on creek lines; comes up readily]
St Vincent (EYB02)Eyre Yorke BlockRegionally Extinct
  [Regionally extinct.]
4 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionRare
, Data Deficient
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Senecio]
Name derivation:
Senecio from the Latin 'senex' meaning an old man; referring to the white pappus attached to the seed. Glomeratus means clustered.
Found on Kangaroo Island, southern  Mount Lofty Ranges to the lower South-east in South Australia, growing in clearings or margins of sclerophyll forests or along roadsides. Also found in Western Australia, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Native. Common in South Australia. Uncommon in New South Wales. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Erect annual herb to 2m tall with a woody base. Leaves alternating up the stems to 20cm long and 30mm wide, sometimes larger, flat, hairy to slightly hairy. Leaves in the middle third of the stems with basal lobes, somewhat stem clasping, margins coarsely toothed to deeply lobed, the lobes often toothed. Uppermost leaves flat to linear, margins toothed or appearing entire due to rolling. Flower-heads top-shaped to almost globular, green to purple, with yellow to orange flowers, in open groups, often of 50-300 flower heads per stem. Differ to Senecio glomeratus ssp. longifructus by having red-brown seeds, hairs on the seed usually more than 5 mm long and the bases of the flower-heads are often purple. Flowering between November and February.
Fruit type:
Pale brown vase-shaped daisy-head.
Seed type:
Brown oblong seed to 3 mm long and 0.5 mm wide, covered in white hairs and with numerous deep striations, pappus not persisting
Embryo type:
Spatulate fully developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect heads that are fat, hard and turning brown by picking off the whole heads.
Seed cleaning:
Place the heads in a tray for a week to dry. Then rub the heads gently with your hands or a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Viable seeds will be fat and hard. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
BGA3000 (0.4826 g)153-Jan-2007RJB70987
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.