Seeds of South Australia
Sida fibulifera (Malvaceae)
Pin Sida
List of species for Sida
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Seed collecting:
July to December
Herbarium regions:
North Western, Lake Eyre, Nullarbor, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Broughton (FLB02)Flinders Lofty Block
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [edge of range]
Olary Spur (FLB03) 
 Least Concern
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Northern Flinders (FLB05) 
 Least Concern
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Least Concern
St Vincent (EYB02)Eyre Yorke Block
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [edge of range]
South Olary Plain (MDD01)Murray Darling Depression
 Least Concern   [undercollected]
Murray Mallee (MDD02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Braemer (MDD07) 
 Least Concern
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)Riverina
 Near Threatened
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Least Concern   [southern limit ]
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02) 
 Near Threatened   (Probable Decline)
Gawler Lakes (GAW03) 
 Least Concern
Arcoona Plateau (GAW04) 
 Least Concern
Kingoonya (GAW05) 
 Least Concern
Torrens (GAW06) 
 Least Concern
Roxby (GAW07) 
 Least Concern
Commonwealth Hill (GAW08) 
 Least Concern
Maralinga (GVD03)Great Victoria Desert
 Least Concern
Kintore (GVD04) 
 Least Concern
Tallaringa (GVD05) 
 Least Concern
Yellabinna (GVD06) 
 Least Concern
Nullarbor Plain (NUL02)Nullarbor
 Least Concern
Barrier Range (BHC01)Broken Hill Complex
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Bimbowrie (BHC05) 
 Least Concern
Curnamona (BHC06) 
 Least Concern
Simpson Desert (SSD02)Simpson Strzelecki Dunefields
 Least Concern
Dieri (SSD03) 
 Least Concern
Warriner (SSD04) 
 Least Concern
Strzelecki Desert (SSD05) 
 Least Concern
Breakaways (STP01)Stony Plains
 Least Concern
Oodnadatta (STP02) 
 Least Concern
Murnpeowie (STP03) 
 Least Concern
Peake-Dennison Inlier (STP04) 
 Least Concern
Macumba (STP05) 
 Least Concern
Witjira (STP06) 
 Least Concern
Baltana (STP07) 
 Least Concern
Sturt Stony Desert (CHC02)Channel Country
 Least Concern
Diamantina-Eyre (CHC04) 
 Least Concern
Coongie (CHC06) 
 Least Concern
Lake Pure (CHC07) 
 Least Concern
Mann-Musgrave Block (CER01)Central Ranges
 Least Concern
Everard Block (CER03) 
 Least Concern
Tieyon (FIN03)Finke
 Least Concern
Pedirka (FIN04) 
 Least Concern
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
5 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
, Vulnerable
St Vincent (EYB02)Eyre Yorke BlockVulnerable
  (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [edge of range]
3 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
, Rare
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)RiverinaNear Threatened
8 of 8 subregionsGawlerLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
4 of 4 subregionsGreat Victoria DesertLeast Concern
Nullarbor Plain (NUL02)NullarborLeast Concern
3 of 4 subregionsBroken Hill ComplexLeast Concern
, Rare
4 of 4 subregionsSimpson Strzelecki DunefieldsLeast Concern
7 of 7 subregionsStony PlainsLeast Concern
4 of 4 subregionsChannel CountryLeast Concern
2 of 3 subregionsCentral RangesLeast Concern
2 of 2 subregionsFinkeLeast Concern
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Sida]
Name derivation:
Sida a Greek name used by Theophrastus for a water-lily, probably in reference to Nymphaea alba or for a pomegranate tree. Linnaeus  transferred the name to Malvaceae changing its primary, pre-Linnaean application. Filulifera from Latin 'fibula' meaning a broach and 'fera' meaning to bear; referring to the pin-like stipules at the leaf-stem junctions.
Distribution:
Found in the northern part of South Australia, growing in a wide range of habitats including rocky slopes, dunes and swampy ground on clay, sandy or gravelly soils. Also found in all mainland states.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Rare in Victoria. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Prostrate to procumbent spreading shrub to 40 cm high with hairy branches. Leaves alternate, narrow-ovate to elliptic, to 40 mm long and 20 mm wide, densely hairy on both surface, pale on the underside, margin tooted, stalk o 10 mm long, stipules at leaf-stem junctions pin-like, remaining for some time. Inflorescence solitary or in clusters of 3-7 yellow flowers, on very slender stalk. Flowering between March and October.
Fruit type:
Brown, flatted globular fruit to 5 mm diameter, with 5-8 segments, each with a wrinkled rounded top and flat net-like face.
Seed type:
Dark brown wedge-shaped seed to 2 mm long and 1 mm wide.
Embryo type:
Folded.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature fruits, those that are turning pale straw colour and contain dark hard seeds.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently with a rubber bung or by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From two collections, the seed viability was high, ranging from 80% to 100%.
Seed germination:
This species has physical dormancy that needs to be overcome for the seed to germinate (e.g. nicking or softening the seed coat).
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA7000 (19.47 g)20+25-Sep-2008TST518
Lake Eyre
20-Jul-2009100%-18°C
BGA4300 (7.04 g)50+24-Nov-2010KHB453
Flinders Ranges
1-Jan-201280%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.