Seeds of South Australia
Spartothamnella teucriiflora (Chloanthaceae)
Red-berried Stick-plant
List of species for Spartothamnella
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Seed collecting:
October to December
Herbarium regions:
North Western, Lake Eyre, Gairdner-Torrens
NRM regions:
Alinytjara Wilurara, South Australian Arid Lands
IBRA regions
Northern Flinders (FLB05)Flinders Lofty Block
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)
Kingoonya (GAW05)Gawler
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [restricted habitat]
Maralinga (GVD03)Great Victoria Desert
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [restricted habitat]
Kintore (GVD04) 
 Least Concern
Tallaringa (GVD05) 
 Least Concern
Breakaways (STP01)Stony Plains
 Near Threatened
Oodnadatta (STP02) 
 Near Threatened
Murnpeowie (STP03) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)
Witjira (STP06) 
 Near Threatened
Mann-Musgrave Block (CER01)Central Ranges
 Near Threatened
Watarru (CER02) 
 Near Threatened
Everard Block (CER03) 
 Near Threatened
Tieyon (FIN03)Finke
 Near Threatened
Pedirka (FIN04) 
 Near Threatened
IBRA regions
Northern Flinders (FLB05)Flinders Lofty BlockVulnerable
  (IUCN: VU D2)
Kingoonya (GAW05)GawlerRare
  (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [restricted habitat]
3 of 4 subregionsGreat Victoria DesertLeast Concern
, Rare
4 of 7 subregionsStony PlainsNear Threatened
, Vulnerable
3 of 3 subregionsCentral RangesNear Threatened
2 of 2 subregionsFinkeNear Threatened
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Spartothamnella]
Name derivation:
Spartothamnella from the Greek 'spartos' meaning a cord and 'thamnos' meaning a bush; possibly alluding to the plant's similarity to the Spanish broom, spartos, so named because it was used for cord making. Teucriiflora from the genus Teurcium (from the Greek 'teucrion', a name used by Dioscorides possibly after Teucer, a Trojan king who used the plant as a medicine or possibly for Dr Teucer, a botanist and physician) and Latin 'flora' meaning flower; referring to the similarity of the flowers to the genus Teucrium.
Found in the north-western part of South Australia, growing on sandy, clay & loamy, often stony soils in plains and floodplains. Also found in Western Australia, Northern Territory and Queensland.
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
A semi-climbing shrub to 1.5 m high, stem and branches hairy grey when young, later almost glabrous and leafless. Leaves long, linear-lanceolate or narrowly ovate-lanceolate, to 25 mm long and 4 mm broad, glabrous above, pubescent below. Flowers axillary with 1-3 creamy-white flowers, lobes pointing in one direction. Flowering between August and November.
Fruit type:
Round, shiny, black fleshy berry to 5 mm diameter, green when young.
Seed type:
Pale brown sectoroid seed to 4 mm long and 2 mm wide, with a plug on one side.
Seed collecting:
Collect berries that are matured, black and soft.
Seed cleaning:
Place the berries in a bucket of water and leave to soak over night. Rub the flesh off by hand. Drain and wash again if required to remove all the fleshy parts. Then spread the wet seeds onto paper towels and leave to dry. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 100%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
BGA310 (1.32 g)1016-Dec-2010DJD2077
North Western
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.