Seeds of South Australia
Spergularia brevifolia (Caryophyllaceae)
Short-stem Sand-spurrey
List of species for Spergularia
Click on an image to enlarge it
Seed collecting:
October to December
Herbarium regions:
Lake Eyre, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Southern Lofty, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
Northern Flinders (FLB05)Flinders Lofty Block
 Near Threatened   [records on loan]
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Near Threatened   [records on loan]
Oodnadatta (STP02)Stony Plains
 Data Deficient   [records on loan]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Spergularia]
Name derivation:
Spergularia is derived from the genus Spergula, first used by De l'Obel for Sagina spergula which is now known as Spergula amensis, and probably derived from the Latinisation of Spergel, the German name of this plant or from the Latin 'spargo' meaning sow or scatter; referring to the discharge of seeds. Brevifolia from the Latin 'brevis' meaning short and 'folium' meaning leaf.
Found mainly in the southern part of South Australia, growing in sandy, clay and loamy soils, on clay and river flats and inland drainage systems of eucalypt woodlands and open shrublands. Also found in Western Australia, Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria.
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Annual, biennial or short-lived perennial herb with slender to woody, branching rootstock and erect or occasionally decumbent branching from the base. Leaves in sworls, flattened, usually prominently caudate, sometimes obtuse to mucronate, to 20 sometimes up to 40 mm long, and 2 mm wide, at least the upper surface with hairy, rarely all glabrous. Inflorescence covered in sparse to dense hairs with few white to pink or lilac flowers with 5 petals.
Fruit type:
Brown narrow-ovoid to subglobose capsule to 6 mm long.
Seed type:
Dark brown to black reniform seeds to 0.7 mm long and 0.6 mm wide, covered with tubercules only along the outer edge.
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Collect capsules that are maturing, fat and turning brown and contain hard dark seeds.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand or with a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Be very careful as the seeds are very small. Seeds should be hard and brown. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 100%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
10400 (0.62 g)
10400 (0.62 g)
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.