Seeds of South Australia
Apalochlamys spectabilis (Compositae)
False Tobacco
List of species for Apalochlamys
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Seed collecting:
March to May
Herbarium regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South East
IBRA regions
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [needs fire or disturbance; Mt Burr & Mt McIntyre]
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Least Concern   [needs fire or disturbance]
Glenelg Plain (NCP02) 
 Near Threatened   [likes limestone plain]
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Near Threatened
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Near Threatened
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Least Concern   [obligate fire responder; fluctuates, lives for 2 yrs after fire, widespread]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Near Threatened   [obligate fire responder; looks weedy; fluctuates, lives for 2 yrs after fire]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [obligate fire responder; looks weedy; fluctuates, lives for 2 yrs after fire]
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Data Deficient   (Probable Decline)   [data deficient.]
St Vincent (EYB02) 
 Data Deficient   (Probable Decline)   [DD, Historical records]
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [comes up after fire]
Talia (EYB04) 
 Least Concern   [comes up after fire]
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [comes up after fire]
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03)Murray Darling Depression
 Near Threatened   [needs fire or disturbance]
IBRA regions
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic PlainRare
  (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [needs fire or disturbance; Mt Burr & Mt McIntyre]
4 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
2 of 2 subregionsKanmantooLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty BlockEndangered
  (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [obligate fire responder; looks weedy; fluctuates, lives for 2 yrs after fire]
5 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
, Data Deficient
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03)Murray Darling DepressionNear Threatened
  [needs fire or disturbance]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Apalochlamys]
Name derivation:
Apalochlamys from the Greek 'apalos' meaning soft and 'chlamys' meaning cloak, referring to the soft texture of the involucres. Spectabilis from Latin meaning remarkable or showy, alluding to the species showy inflorescence.
Found along the coast in South Australia from the lower Eyre Peninsula to the lower South-east, growing on dunes and other sandy soils, often after disturbance such as fire. Also found in Victoria and Tasmania.
Native. Uncommon in South Australia. Common in the other States.
Plant description:
Biennial herb to 2 m high with erect stems, unbranched above the base and with whitish hairs above, becoming woody below. Leaves decreasing in size up the stem are strongly scented, oblong to lanceolate, amplexicaul and often shortly decurrent at the base, to 15 cm long and 4 cm wide; green with glandular hairs above, whitish hairs below; soft, prominently veined. Inflorescence a large pyramid spike to 40 cm long; intricately branched with drooping leafless branchlets subtended by reduced leaves with yellowish flowers. Flowering between January and March.
Fruit type:
Golden-brown heads.
Seed type:
Brown cylindrical seed to 0.9 mm long and 0.4 mm wide; ribbed.
Embryo type:
Spathulate fully developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect heads that are golden brown and contain hard brown seeds.
Seed cleaning:
Place the heads in a tray for a week to dry. Then rub the heads gently with your hands to dislodge the seeds. Viable seeds will be long, fat and hard. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 100%.
Seed germination:
Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
160000 (9.5 g)
12700 (6.1 g)
Kangaroo Island
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.