Seeds of South Australia
Aphanes australiana (Rosaceae)
Australian Piert
List of species for Aphanes
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Seed collecting:
October to January
Herbarium regions:
Flinders Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Near Threatened
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Least Concern
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Near Threatened   [could be more common]
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [likes open space, tiny; threatened by weeds]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)   [likes open space, tiny; threatened by weeds]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)   [likes open space, tiny; threatened by weeds]
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [limited habitat]
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [limited habitat]
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [easily overlooked]
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Decline)
Talia (EYB04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Near Threatened
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Near Threatened
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
3 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
2 of 2 subregionsKanmantooRare
3 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockRare
, Vulnerable
4 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockRare
3 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionNear Threatened
, Rare
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Aphanes]
Name derivation:
Aphanes from the Greek 'aphanes' meaning invisible. Australiana from the Latin 'australis' meaning southern; referring to the species distribution in the southern part of Australia.
Distribution:
Found in the southern part of South Australia, growing in drier open eucalypt woodland and mallee woodland. Also found in New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Small, greenish often sparsely hairy herb with stems usually erect to 6 cm. Leaves fan-shaped, divided into 3 segments, each divided into 3-5 lobes. Inflorescence in clusters of 5–7 yellowish green flowers. Flowering between August and November.
Fruit type:
Brown or reddish brown capsule to 2 mm long, slightly constricted at the neck covered in scattered short hairs.
Seed type:
Small pale brown, ovoid seed to 1.3 mm long and 0.8 mm wide.
Seed collecting:
Collect whole plant with fruits drying off and turning brown.
Seed cleaning:
Place the plants in a tray and leave to dry for 1-2 weeks. Then rub the dried plants to dislodge the seeds. Pass the material through a sieve to separate the unwanted material. The finer material will contain both seeds (soft) and frass (hard) usually distinguishable from each other. With finer sieves, the seeds can be separated from the frass but this is not essential for storage or propagation. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From two collections, the seed viability were high, ranging from 80% to 100%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA 
MSB
7000 (2.02 g)
7000 (2.02 g)
5021-Nov-2007RJB74971
South Eastern
19-Sep-2008100%-18°C
BGA5200 (1.18 g)201-Nov-2007RJB74641
Southern Lofty
19-Sep-200880%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.