Seeds of South Australia
Styphelia adscendens (Epacridaceae)
Golden Heath
List of species for Styphelia
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Seed collecting:
October to December
Herbarium regions:
Southern Lofty, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, South East
IBRA regions
Glenelg Plain (NCP02)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Least Concern
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Near Threatened   [common on Naracoorte Range]
Lowan Mallee (MDD04)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [likes disturbance; likes wet sands]
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Styphelia]
Name derivation:
Styphelia from the Greek 'styphelos' meaning hard or rough; alluding to the stiff prickly-pointed leaves. Adscendens from Latin meaning to rise obliquely rather than erect; referring to the species habit. 
Distribution:
Found natural in the South-east and introduced to the southern Mount Lofty Ranges in South Australia, growing in heathland, heathy woodland or open-forest on sandy. Also found in New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Status:
Native. Uncommon in South Australia. Uncommon in New South Wales. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Prostrate or decumbent shrub to 60 cm high with hairy stems. Leaves ascending,often slightly twisted, lanceolate or oblanceolate, to 32 mm long and 6 mm wide, glabrous, margins flat to slightly recurved. Inflorescence erect, solitary or 2 close together in axil with cream, pale yellow-green or occasionally reddish, long tubular, densely bearded flowers, with protruding anthers and stamens. Flowering between June and November.
Fruit type:
Ovoid fruit to 8.5 mm long, with a thin fleshy layer and woody endocarp with 5 or fewer sections, each with one seed.
Seed type:
Soft, white longitudinal seed, within the woody endocarp.
Embryo type:
Linear underdeveloped.
Seed collecting:
Collect individual fruit by hand when ripe, fleshy layer soft and a pale colour. Check to see if locules are filled with seed by cutting the woody endocarp in half.
Seed cleaning:
The thin fleshy layer does not need to be cleaned off for storage, just leave it to dry for one to two weeks before storing with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. If you do want to clean the flesh off, then place the berries in a bucket of water and leave to soak over night. Rub the flesh off by hand. Drain and wash again if required to remove all the fleshy parts. Then spread the wet seeds onto paper towels and leave to dry. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:
Seeds have morphophysiological dormancy and will not germinate readily without treatment. Germination is enhanced by treating with fire cues, heat and smoke water, and gibberellic acid.