Seeds of South Australia
Aristida behriana (Gramineae)
Brush Wire-grass
List of species for Aristida
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Seed collecting:
October to December
Herbarium regions:
Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands
IBRA regions
Fleurieu (KAN02)Kanmantoo
 Least Concern
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Least Concern   (Probable Increase)
Olary Spur (FLB03) 
 Least Concern   (Probable Increase)
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Least Concern   (Probable Increase)
Northern Flinders (FLB05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [historical decline; edge of range; limited habitat]
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [historical decline; edge of range; limited habitat]
St Vincent (EYB02)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern   (Probable Increase)
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)   [western limit, needs rainfall]
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)   [western limit, needs rainfall]
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range, eastern hills spp; persists under grazing]
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range, old record]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Aristida]
Name derivation:
Aristida from the Latin 'arista' meaning awned, alluding to the awned lemma. Behriana named after Hermann H. Behr (1818-1904), a German-American doctor, entomologist and botanist, who collected in South Australia.
Found in dry areas of the Flinders and Mt Lofty Ranges. Also found in Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria.
Native. Common in South Australia. Uncommon in Queensland. Common in other States.
Plant description:
Short tufted perennial grass to 40cm tall, with leaf blades convolute up to 25cm long and 2mm wide. Inflorescence dense and contracted to 15cm long and almost as wide. Glumes unequal, the lower about two-thirds the length of the upper; 1-nerved, keels scabrid, the lower 7-12 mm long, aristulate, the upper 14-20 mm long, with an awn 1-2.5 mm long. Lemma 7-12 mm long (including the callus of 0.9-1 mm); convolute, smooth to sometimes scabrid apically. Awns 18-56 mm long, subequal, the laterals shorter by 1-5 mm, filiform.
Fruit type:
Pale brown with three unequal awns much longer than the base.
Seed type:
Long pale grain to 12mm long and lees than 1mm wide.
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Use hands to gently strip seeds off the mature seed spike that are turning straw colour. Mature seeds will come off easily. Alternatively, you can break off the whole seed spike.
Seed cleaning:
Place the seeds/spike in a tray and leave to dry for two weeks. No further cleaning is required if only seed collected. If seed spikes collected, use hand to strip off the mature seeds. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was low, at 40%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
BGA31900 (84.87 g)50+26-Nov-2005KHB012
Eyre Peninsula
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.