Seeds of South Australia
Veronica gracilis (Scrophulariaceae)
Slender Speedwell
List of species for Veronica
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Seed collecting:
December to March
Herbarium regions:
Southern Lofty, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, South East
IBRA regions
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Least Concern
Glenelg Plain (NCP02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Fleurieu (KAN02)Kanmantoo
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [on roadsides; 2 main pops here; weeds a threat]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [only a small number of pops; weeds a threat; prone to drying]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Veronica]
Name derivation:
Veronica possibly named after Saint Veronica, a nun who died in Milan in 1497. Alternatively from the Latin 'vera' and 'icon', meaning true image. This is in reference to the legend of the miraculous imprint of the face of Christ on a head-cloth that Saint Veronica offered Christ on his way to crucifixion. Gracilis from Latin meaning graceful or slender; referring to the species habit.
Found in the southern Mount Lofty Ranges and the lower South-east in South Australia, growing in damp sites. Also found in New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Native. Rare in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Perennial herb with slender rhizomes to 60 cm long. Leaves lanceolate to linear, to 30 mm long and 9 mm wide, apex attenuate, base tapering sharply, margins entire or with 1–4 pairs of spreading or recurved acute teeth. Flowering stems usually 3–25 cm high, with fine but rigid recurved or spreading hairs. Flower-spike lateral, mostly to 5 cm long, with 1–6  pale lilac or blue with darker veins flowers. Flowering between October and December.
Fruit type:
Flat heart-shaped capsules turning from green to brown as it matures. Each capsule contains a few seeds.
Seed type:
Small semi-flat orange-brown ovoid seed to 1.2 mm long and 0.7 mm wide with a slightly wrinked surface.
Embryo type:
Linear under-developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect maturing capsules when drying off and turning brown with orange-brown seeds inside.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and cover with paper to prevent seeds from popping out and leave to dry for 1 to 2 weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate any unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 96%.
Seed germination:
This species has morphophysiological dormancy that can be overcome to promote germination.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.