Seeds of South Australia
Veronica hillebrandii (Scrophulariaceae)
Coast Speedwell
List of species for Veronica
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Seed collecting:
January to March
Herbarium regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Least Concern   [limestone headlands]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [limestone headlands; 1 pop in Pt Elliot, several in Newland Head]
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i))   [likes sandy limestone areas]
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Least Concern   [limestone species]
Talia (EYB04) 
 Least Concern   [limestone species]
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [localised, llimestone species]
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [likes limestone; edge of range]
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Near Threatened
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Veronica]
Name derivation:
Veronica possibly named after Saint Veronica, a nun who died in Milan in 1497. Alternatively from the Latin 'vera' and 'icon' meaning true image. This is in reference to the legend of the miraculous imprint of the face of Christ on a headcloth that Saint Veronica offered Christ on his way to crucifixion. Hillebrandii named after William Hilleband (1821 - 1886), a German physician and botanist who visited South Australia for 6 months in 1849 and made a few collections from near the mouth of the River Murray and Lake Alexandrina, and in the vicinity of Reedy Creek.
Found on the lower Eyre and Yorke Peninsulas, Kangaroo Island and the southern Mount Lofty Ranges in South Australia, growing on calcareous sands, shallow on exposed coastal cliff tops or on dunes and in sclerophyllous shrubland. Also found in Victoria.
Native. Uncommon in South Australia. Very rare in Victoria.
Plant description:
Stoloniferous perennial herb with decumbent to scandent branches and rooting at lower nodes, to 35 cm long, with retrorse to spreading hairs to c. 0.5 mm long, in 2 rows or all around. Leaves ovate to 30 mm long and 17 mm wide, apex acute to obtuse, base truncate to cuneate, margins with 3–7 pairs of coarse teeth, rarely entire. Flower-spike in upper axils, to 12 cm long, with 4–10 blue flowers.
Fruit type:
Flat heart-shaped capsules turning from green to brown as it matures. Each capsule contains a few seeds.
Seed type:
Small semi-flat orange-brown ovoid seed to 1.5 mm long and 0.8 mm wide with a wrinked surface.
Embryo type:
Linear under-developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect maturing capsules when drying off and turning red-brown with orange-brown seeds inside.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and cover with paper to prevent seeds from popping out and leave to dry for 1 to 2 weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate any unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 100%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
BGA1100 (0.467 g)50-6011-Dec-2006DJD725
Kangaroo Island
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.