Seeds of South Australia
Viola eminens (Violaceae)
Stately Violet
List of species for Viola
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Seed collecting:
January to May
Herbarium regions:
Murray, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Kangaroo Island, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [western end of KI; prob stable]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [lots protected]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [some pops stable, some declining; weeds a threat]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Viola]
Name derivation:
Viola from Latin for violet; referring to the violet genus. Eminens from Latin meaning prominent or eminent; referring to its habit.
Distribution:
Found on Kangaroo Island, Mount Lofty Ranges and the lower South-east in South Australia, growing in moist areas. Also found in New South Wales and Victoria.
Status:
Native. Rare in South Australia. Uncommon in New South Wales. Common in Victoria.
Plant description:
Stoloniferous perennial herb, glabrous to sparsely pubescent. Leaves broad-reniform, to 25 mm long and 60 mm wide, truncate or nearly so at base, or with a broad sinus, apex rounded or very broadly obtuse, margins shallowly 7–20-toothed. Flowers 2-coloured, mauve-violet near base and white near apex (rarely the apical part pale violet) with sharp demarcation between colours. Flowering between December and March.
Fruit type:
Ovoid capsule to 9 mm long, containing many black seeds.
Seed type:
Black ovoid seed to 1.5 mm long and 1.2 mm wide
Embryo type:
Spatulate fully developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect capsules that are maturing, drying off with dark seeds inside. Keep an eye on the capsules as they can ripen and split open quickly.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and cover with paper to prevent seeds popping out and leave to dry for a week. Then rub the capsules gently  with your hands to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:
This species has physiological dormancy that need to be overcome for the seed to germinate.