Seeds of South Australia
Viola eminens (Violaceae)
Stately Violet
List of species for Viola
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Seed collecting:
January to May
Herbarium regions:
Murray, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Kangaroo Island, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [western end of KI; prob stable]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [lots protected]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [some pops stable, some declining; weeds a threat]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Viola]
Name derivation:
Viola from Latin for violet; referring to the violet genus. Eminens from Latin meaning prominent or eminent; referring to its habit.
Found on Kangaroo Island, Mount Lofty Ranges and the lower South-east in South Australia, growing in moist areas. Also found in New South Wales and Victoria.
Native. Rare in South Australia. Uncommon in New South Wales. Common in Victoria.
Plant description:
Stoloniferous perennial herb, glabrous to sparsely pubescent. Leaves broad-reniform, to 25 mm long and 60 mm wide, truncate or nearly so at base, or with a broad sinus, apex rounded or very broadly obtuse, margins shallowly 7–20-toothed. Flowers 2-coloured, mauve-violet near base and white near apex (rarely the apical part pale violet) with sharp demarcation between colours. Flowering between December and March.
Fruit type:
Ovoid capsule to 9 mm long, containing many black seeds.
Seed type:
Black ovoid seed to 1.5 mm long and 1.2 mm wide
Embryo type:
Spatulate fully developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect capsules that are maturing, drying off with dark seeds inside. Keep an eye on the capsules as they can ripen and split open quickly.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and cover with paper to prevent seeds popping out and leave to dry for a week. Then rub the capsules gently  with your hands to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:
This species has physiological dormancy that need to be overcome for the seed to germinate.