Seeds of South Australia
Arthropodium fimbriatum (Liliaceae)
Summer Vanilla-lily
List of species for Arthropodium
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Seed collecting:
January to February
Herbarium regions:
Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [no records - T Horn has records]
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)
Glenelg Plain (NCP02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Least Concern
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Least Concern
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [restricted, localised; small pops]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Near Threatened
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Least Concern
Olary Spur (FLB03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i))
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i))
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern
St Vincent (EYB02) 
 Least Concern
Talia (EYB04) 
 Data Deficient
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Near Threatened
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Near Threatened   (Probable Decline)
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Near Threatened
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Least Concern
Arcoona Plateau (GAW04)Gawler
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic PlainRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [no records - T Horn has records]
4 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainLeast Concern
, Rare
2 of 2 subregionsKanmantooNear Threatened
, Vulnerable
4 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
3 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
, Data Deficient
4 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
Arcoona Plateau (GAW04)GawlerRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Arthropodium]
Name derivation:
Arthropodium from the Greek 'arthron' meaning a joint and 'podion' meaning a little foot, alluding to the jointed pedicels. Fimbriatum from the Latin 'fimbriatus' meaning fringed, referring to the fringed margin of the petals.
Distribution:
Found in the southern part of South Australia from Lake Eyre south to the lower South-east. Also found in Western Australia, Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Uncommon in Queensland. Common in other states.
Plant description:
Stiff, erect, often unbranched lily to 80cm high, with long fibrous roots ending in fusiform tubers. Leaves to 8cm long and 2mm wide, linear. Inflorescence forming a loose raceme or panicle with short bracts at the base of each branch, with 2-4 blue or violet, rarely white flowers in the axil of each bract; drooping, scented; anthers dark-purple, the 2 appendages much shorter, yellow.
Fruit type:
Pale-brown ovoid capsule to 15mm long containing numerous seeds.
Seed type:
Black, sectoroid or pyramidal seed to 2mm long and 2mm wide, with smooth or slightly wrinkled surface.
Embryo type:
Linear fully developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature capsules, those that are turning a pale straw colour and contain black seeds. Can collect individual capsules or break off the whole spike.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 100%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA 
MSB
12600 (11.35 g)
13500 (12.28 g)
>1007-Feb-2005DJD 111
Northern Lofty
28-Mar-2006100%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.