Seeds of South Australia
Wahlenbergia communis (Campanulaceae)
Tufted Bluebell
List of species for Wahlenbergia
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Seed collecting:
January to December
Herbarium regions:
North Western, Lake Eyre, Nullarbor, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Lucindale (NCP03)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Near Threatened
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Fleurieu (KAN02)Kanmantoo
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [grows on cliffs, rocks]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [grows on cliffs, rocks; more northern sp]
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Least Concern
Olary Spur (FLB03) 
 Least Concern
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Least Concern
Northern Flinders (FLB05) 
 Least Concern   [annual]
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Least Concern   [annual]
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern
St Vincent (EYB02) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Least Concern
Talia (EYB04) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Least Concern
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Least Concern
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [odd record]
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Near Threatened   [poss ID issues this region]
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Least Concern
Braemer (MDD07) 
 Least Concern
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)Riverina
 Least Concern
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Least Concern
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02) 
 Least Concern
Gawler Lakes (GAW03) 
 Least Concern
Arcoona Plateau (GAW04) 
 Least Concern
Torrens (GAW06) 
 Least Concern   [annual ]
Roxby (GAW07) 
 Least Concern   [annual ]
Kintore (GVD04)Great Victoria Desert
 Least Concern   [annual ]
Yalata (NUL03)Nullarbor
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Bimbowrie (BHC05)Broken Hill Complex
 Least Concern
Curnamona (BHC06) 
 Least Concern
Dieri (SSD03)Simpson Strzelecki Dunefields
 Data Deficient   [odd record]
Warriner (SSD04) 
 Least Concern   [annual ]
Strzelecki Desert (SSD05) 
 Least Concern
Breakaways (STP01)Stony Plains
 Least Concern   [annual ]
Oodnadatta (STP02) 
 Least Concern   [annual ]
Murnpeowie (STP03) 
 Least Concern   [annual ]
Peake-Dennison Inlier (STP04) 
 Least Concern   [annual ]
Witjira (STP06) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [annual ]
Baltana (STP07) 
 Least Concern   [annual ]
Coongie (CHC06)Channel Country
 Least Concern   [annual ]
Mann-Musgrave Block (CER01)Central Ranges
 Least Concern   [annual ]
Everard Block (CER03) 
 Least Concern   [annual ]
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
2 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainNear Threatened
, Rare
Fleurieu (KAN02)KanmantooRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [grows on cliffs, rocks]
6 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
5 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
5 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)RiverinaLeast Concern
6 of 8 subregionsGawlerLeast Concern
Kintore (GVD04)Great Victoria DesertLeast Concern
  [annual ]
Yalata (NUL03)NullarborRare
  (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
2 of 4 subregionsBroken Hill ComplexLeast Concern
3 of 4 subregionsSimpson Strzelecki DunefieldsLeast Concern
, Data Deficient
6 of 7 subregionsStony PlainsLeast Concern
, Rare
Coongie (CHC06)Channel CountryLeast Concern
  [annual ]
2 of 3 subregionsCentral RangesLeast Concern
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Wahlenbergia]
Name derivation:
Wahlenbergia named by H.A Schrader in honour of Georg Göran Wahlenberg (1780-1851), a Swedish professor of botany. Communis from Latin meaning ordinary or gregarious.
Distribution:
Found across much of South Australia except on Kangaroo Island, in a range of habitat. Also found in all mainland states.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Perennial tufted herbs with a fleshy rootstock with many stems from base, usually branched, rarely simple, glabrous, or hirsute near base, erect, to 50 cm high, leafy throughout or only toward base. Leaves alternate, oblanceolate (near base) to linear, to 50 mm long and 6 mm wide, margins entire or with a few small callus-teeth, flat or undulate. Flowers terminal, blue often whitish outside, funnel-shaped with 5 narrow-triangular lobes. Flowers throughout the year.
Fruit type:
Brown ovoid capsule to 9 mm long and 5 mm wide.
Seed type:
Tiny orange elliptic seed to 0.6 mm long and 0.3 mm wide.
Embryo type:
Spatulate under-developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect capsules that are maturing, drying and turning orange with hard seeds inside.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for a week. Then rub the capsules gently with your hands to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Be careful as the seeds are very small. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From three collections, the seed viability were high, ranging from 80% to 85%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA 
MSB
45000 (0.55 g)
45000 (0.593 g)
~8016-Nov-2004DJD 34
Southern Lofty
28-Mar-2006100%-18°C
BGA 
MSB
31500 (0.63 g)
31500 (0.63 g)
40-5010-Nov-2005MKJ130
Gairdner-Torrens
28-Jul-200685%-18°C
BGA 
MSB
150000 (5.52 g)
150000 (5.52 g)
100+4-Mar-2007KHB073
South Eastern
1-Aug-200780%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.