Seeds of South Australia
Arthropodium milleflorum (Liliaceae)
Pale Vanilla-lily
List of species for Arthropodium
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Seed collecting:
December to January
Herbarium region:
South Eastern
NRM region:
South East
IBRA regions
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii); D2)   (Probable Decline)   [in Ewens Ponds]
Glenelg Plain (NCP02) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [good popn in Honans FR]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Arthropodium]
Name derivation:
Arthropodium from the Greek 'arthron' meaning a joint and 'podion' meaning a little foot, alluding to the jointed pedicels. Milleflorum from the Latin 'mille' meaning a thousand and 'floris' meaning flowers.
Found in South Australia only in the lower South-east . Also found in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania and New Caledonia.
Native. Rare in South Australia. Common in other States.
Plant description:
Perennial lily with tubers to 3cm long. Leaves, erect to 60cm long and 17mm wide. Flowers numerous, white or purplish, spreading or drooping; perianth-segments 6-7 mm long without appendages; anther as long as the bearded part of the filament and shorter than the whole filament.
Fruit type:
Pale-brown ovoid capsule containing numerous seeds.
Seed type:
Black, sectoroid seed to 2mm long and 2mm wide, with slightly tuberculate surface.
Embryo type:
Linear fully developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature capsules, those that are turning a pale straw-colour and contain black seeds. Collect individual capsules or break off the whole spike.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From two collections, the seed viability was high, ranging from 90% to 100%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
BGA370 (0.3447 g)20-3031-Jan-2006DJD273
South Eastern
7800 (15.61 g)
5800 (11.61 g)
South Eastern
20-Jul-2009100%+5°C, -18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.