Seeds of South Australia
Wahlenbergia littoricola (Campanulaceae)
Edge Bluebell
List of species for Wahlenbergia
Display more images
Click on an image to enlarge it
Seed collecting:
January to December
Herbarium regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range]
Glenelg Plain (NCP02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Broughton (FLB02)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern   [Have been databased under W. litticola. Habitat degraded]
Olary Spur (FLB03) 
 Least Concern
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern   [No records. Have been databased under W. litticola. Habitat degraded]
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Near Threatened   [name change from W litticola]
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Near Threatened   [edge of range]
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Near Threatened   [name change from W litticola]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Wahlenbergia]
Name derivation:
Wahlenbergia named by H.A Schrader in honour of Georg Göran Wahlenberg (1780-1851), a Swedish professor of botany. Littoricola from Latin 'littoris' meaning shore and 'cola' meaning dwelling; alluding to the species habitat near the coast.
Found in the southern part of South Australia except on Kangaroo Island, growing in open forests, grasslands and heath. Also found in Western Australia, Queensland, New South Wales and Tasmania.
Native. Common in South Australia. Uncommon in Western Australia and Queensland. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Perennial herb to 80cm tall. Leaves alternating up the stems or sometimes the lowermost leaves opposite each other, to 6 cm long and 4mm wide, linear or the lowermost leaves flat, lower leaves hairy, upper leaves hairless, margins  flat or wavy, entire or toothed. Flowers terminal, blue, funnel-shaped with 5 overlaying lobes. Flowers most of the year.
Fruit type:
Brown capsule.
Seed type:
Tiny orange-brown elliptic seed to 0.6 mm long and 0.3 mm wide.
Embryo type:
Spatulate under-developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect capsules that are maturing, drying and turning brown with brown seeds inside.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for a week. Then rub the capsules gently with your hands to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Be careful as the seeds are very small. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 100%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
11050 (0.31 g)
11050 (0.31 g)
Southern Lofty
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.