Seeds of South Australia
Wurmbea biglandulosa ssp. flindersica (Liliaceae)
Flinders Ranges Star-lily
List of species for Wurmbea
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Seed collecting:
September to December
Herbarium regions:
Flinders Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty
NRM region:
Northern and Yorke
IBRA region
Broughton (FLB02)Flinders Lofty Block
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN D)   (Definite Decline)   [Edge of range]
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Least Concern   [Common in NP & reserves]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Wurmbea]
Name derivation:
Wurmbea name after Friedrick Wilhelm von Wurmb, merchant and botanist in 18th century Batavia (Jakarta). Biglandulosa from Latin meaning two types of glands. Flindersica refers to the Flinders Ranges where the subspecies is found.
Endemic to South Australia and only found in the southern Flinders Ranges, growing in open woodland on rocky slopes in fertile soils.
Native. Uncommon in South Australia.
Plant description:
Large herb to 30 cm high. Flowering between August and October. Leaves 3, well separated with lowest one basal, to 15 cm long, dilated at the base and tapering to apex. Inflorescence  spike with 2-6 deep pink outside and pale pink or white star-shaped flowers, each tepals with 2 large nectaries, sweet honey perfume.  Flowering between August and October.
Fruit type:
Pale brown papery capsule.
Embryo type:
Linear under-developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature capsules, those turning pale straw colour and containing hard brown seeds.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 90%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
2600 (12.8 g)
2600 (12.8 g)
Flinders Ranges
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.