Seeds of South Australia
Wurmbea latifolia ssp. latifolia (Liliaceae)
Broad-leaf Star-lily
List of species for Wurmbea
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Seed collecting:
August to September
Herbarium regions:
Flinders Ranges, Northern Lofty
NRM region:
Northern and Yorke
IBRA regions
Broughton (FLB02)Flinders Lofty Block
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU A1ac)   (Probable Decline)   [All pops in grazed paddocks]
St Vincent (EYB02)Eyre Yorke Block
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU A1ac)   (Probable Decline)   [All pops in grazed paddocks]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Wurmbea]
Name derivation:
Wurmbea name after Friedrick Wilhelm von Wurmb, merchant and botanist in 18th century Batavia (Jakarta). Latifolia from the Latin 'latus' meaning broad or wide and 'folium' meaning a leaf; referring to the species broad leaves.
Endemic to South Australia and found in the northern Mount Lofty Ranges, growing on heavy, often waterlogged soils of open forest and woodland.
Native. Very rare in South Australia.
Plant description:
Dioecious herb 15 cm high. Leaves 3 with the lower 2 similar, almost opposite, basal, with serrate margins, lanceolate to broad-lanceolate, to 8 cm long and 12 mm broad, with the inflorescence almost concealed between them, the upper leaf very short, lanceolate, just below or partly concealed within inflorescence. Inflorescence spike with 2-6 white flowers, females small, rounded, hidden at base of leaves, males larger more angular, exserted from leaf-base. Nectary 1 per tepal, a raised, transverse band, pale, anthers purple. This subspecies differ from the other subspecies found in the South Australia by the relatively shorter, broader, subopposite leaves, female spikes that do not extend beyond the leaves, and globose capsules. Flowering between June and July.
Fruit type:
Brown papery globular capsule to 4 mm long, globrous.
Seed type:
Orange globular seed to 2 mm diameter.
Embryo type:
Linear under-developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature capsules, those turning pale straw colour and containing hard brown seeds.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 100%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
BGA1900 (4.11 g)RJB73635
Northern Lofty
20-Jul-2009100%+5°C, -18°C
BGA1900 (4.11 g)RJB73635
Southern Lofty
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.