Seeds of South Australia
Wurmbea uniflora (Liliaceae)
Single-flower Star-lily
List of species for Wurmbea
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Seed collecting:
November to January
Herbarium regions:
Southern Lofty, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, South East
IBRA regions
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [Only record, in quarry near summit Mt McIntyre]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v))   (Probable Decline)   [in Mt Bold only known from 3 sites; blackberry, climate change, habitat destruction - threats]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Wurmbea]
Name derivation:
Wurmbea name after Friedrick Wilhelm von Wurmb, merchant and botanist in 18th century Batavia (Jakarta). Uniflora from the Latin 'unus' meaning one and 'floris' meaning flower.
Known from one location in South Australia in the southern Mount Lofty Ranges with an old collection from the lower South-east, growing in fertile moist loam in grassy woodland. Also found in New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Native. Very rare in South Australia. Rare in New South Wales. Uncommon in Victoria. Common in Tasmania.
Plant description:
Small herb to 14 cm tall. Leaves 3, well spaced, lowest one narrow-linear, to 10 cm long and 2 mm broad, not dilated at base, middle one shorter, filiform or narrow-linear, dilated at base, uppermost one much shorter with markedly dilated base and a short to long acuminate apex, attached well below inflorescence. Inflorescence usually single, rarely 2, tiny white hermaphrodite flower, faintly purple tinged with age. Nectaries 2 per segment, well separated, stamens greater than half length of tepals, anthers yellow. Flowering between September to January.
Fruit type:
Brown papery ovoid capsule to 1 cm long containing many seeds.
Seed type:
Orange brown globular seed to 1.5 mm diameter.
Embryo type:
Linear under-developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature capsules, those turning pale straw colour and containing hard brown seeds. 
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From four collections, the seed viability were high, ranging from 90% to 100%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
2457+2345 (2.85+2.72 g)
6250 (7.2 g)
>10022-Dec-2004MKJ 58
Southern Lofty
28-Mar-2006100%+5°C, -18°C
BGA1700 (1.67 g)1-Dec-2006DJD612
Southern Lofty
BGA12000 (15.68 g)100+4-Dec-2007TST260
Southern Lofty
20-Jul-2009100%+5°C, -18°C
BGA12700 (14.9 g)100+4-Dec-2007TST248
Southern Lofty
20-Jul-2009100%+5°C, -18°C
Tim Jury1-Jan-2012+5°C, -18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.