Seeds of South Australia
Xanthosia huegelii (Umbelliferae)
Heath Xanthosia
List of species for Xanthosia
Display more images
Click on an image to enlarge it
Seed collecting:
October to March
Herbarium regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, South East
IBRA regions
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [edge of range]
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Least Concern
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Least Concern
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Least Concern
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Least Concern
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern
Eyre Hills (EYB03)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern
Talia (EYB04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [limited ]
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Decline)   [edge of range]
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Near Threatened
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Xanthosia]
Name derivation:
Xanthosia from the Greek 'xanthos' meaning yellow; referring to the colour of the hairs of some species or to the flower colour of the type specimen. Huegelii named after Baron Carl von Hugel (1795-1870), an Austrian traveller, plant collector and patron of horticulture.
Distribution:
Found on the southern Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, southern Mount Lofty Ranges and the upper South-east in South Australia, growing on sand mainly in coastal areas in heath and woodland. Also found in Western Australia and Victoria.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Weak procumbent to ascending perennial herb or small shrub to 15 cm high, rootstock short, woody, branches covered in soft hairs, becoming flaky with age. Leaves alternate, with leaf-blade to 35 mm long and 60 mm wide, covered in soft hairs, sometimes hairless, ternately dissected, segments linear-oblong to elliptic, entire, petiole to 30 mm long. Inflorescence singular or in clusters of 3–6 yellow-green or white-cream flowers, with hairy bracts. Flowering between June and January.
Fruit type:
Brown capsule to 4 mm long.
Embryo type:
Linear under-developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect maturing fruits by picking off clusters that are turning pale brown with a hard seed inside.
Seed cleaning:
Place the fruits in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. Then rub the fruits with a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.